Left atrial dilatation resulting from chronic mitral regurgitation decreases spatiotemporal organization of atrial fibrillation in left atrium

Thomas H. Everett IV, Sander Verheule, Emily E. Wilson, Scott Foreman, Jeffrey E. Olgin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Atrial conduction properties have been shown to differ among animal atrial fibrillation (AF) models of rapid atrial pacing (RAP), chronic mitral regurgitation (MR), and control. We hypothesized that these conduction differences would continue with the onset of AF, which would affect AF spatiotemporal organization, resulting in model-specific characteristics of AF. With frequency domain analysis of electrograms acquired from high-density optical mapping, AF from the right (RA) and left (LA) atrium in animals with RAP and MR were compared with control animals. At follow-up, the hearts were excised and perfused, and optical action potentials were recorded from a 2 x 2-cm area each of the RA and LA free wall with a 16 x 16 photodiode array. AF was induced with extra stimuli, several 2.4-s AF episodes were recorded in each dog, and a fast Fourier transform was calculated. The dominant frequency (DF) was determined, and the organization (organization index, OI) was calculated as the ratio of the area under the dominant peak and its harmonics to the total area of the spectrum. All possible pairs of electrograms for each episode were cross-correlated. LA AF in the chronic MR model showed an increase in the highest DF, the number of DF domains, and in frequency gradient compared with AF in control or RAP models. In addition, there was a decrease in OI and in the correlation coefficients in the LA of the MR model. These results suggest that the AF substrate in the MR model may be different from that of control or RAP models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2452-H2460
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume286
Issue number6 55-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Arrythmia
  • Electrophysiology
  • Fourier transform
  • Optical mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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