Upon activation, the enzyme 5-lipoxygenase converts arachidonic acid into principally three products, the peptidoleukotrienes, 5- hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) or the leukotriene B4. We have shown that the peptido-leukotrienes (known as LTC4, LTD4, or LTE4) and 5-HETE induce osteoclastic bone resorption and that receptors for LTD4 are present on isolated avian osteoclast-like cells. Here, we show the effects of the third metabolic product of the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism, the leukotriene LTB4, on osteoclastic bone resorption both in vivo and in vitro. Because LTB4 production is increased in a number of inflammatory conditions, it may be an important contributor to the bone loss which occurs in these disorders. LTB4 increased osteoclastic bone resorption in vivo following local administration over the calvariae of normal mice and in vitro in organ cultures of neonatal mouse calvariae. When LTB4 was injected over the calvaria of mice, there was a significant increase in bone resorption, osteoclast numbers, and eroded surfaces. LTB4 also increased the formation of resorption lacunae by isolated neonatal rat osteoclasts. Greater potency was observed with LTB4 compared with the peptido-leukotriene LTD4. This is in contrast to prostaglandins of the E series, which are reported to inhibit isolated osteoclasts. Experiments using marrow cultures suggest that LTB4 stimulates bone resorption in part by enhancing the formation of osteoclasts.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine