Lipid-induced mononuclear cell cytokine secretion in the development of metabolic aberration and androgen excess in polycystic ovary syndrome

F. González, R. V. Considine, O. A. Abdelhadi, A. J. Acton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

STUDY QUESTION: What is the effect of saturated fat ingestion on mononuclear cell (MNC) TNFα, IL-6 and IL-1β secretion and circulating IL-6 levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with PCOS exhibit increases in MNC-derived TNFα, IL-6 and IL-1β secretion and circulating IL-6 following saturated fat ingestion even in the absence of obesity, and these increases are linked to metabolic aberration and androgen excess. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cytokine excess and metabolic aberration is often present in PCOS. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A cross-sectional design was used in this study of 38 reproductive-age women. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Groups of 19 reproductive-age women with PCOS (10 lean, 9 obese) and 19 ovulatory controls (10 lean, 9 obese) participated in this study that was performed at a tertiary academic medical centre. TNFα, IL-6 and IL-1β secretion was measured from cultured MNC, and IL-6 was measured in plasma from blood sampling while fasting and 2, 3 and 5 h after saturated fat ingestion. Insulin sensitivity was determined using the Matsuda index following an oral glucose tolerance test. Androgen secretion was evaluated with blood sampling while fasting and 24, 48 and 72 h after an HCG injection. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Lean and obese women with PCOS exhibited lipid-induced incremental AUC increases in MNC-derived TNFα (489-611%), IL-6 (333-398%) and IL-1β (560-695%) secretion and in plasma IL-6 levels (426-474%), in contrast with lean control subjects. In both PCOS groups, insulin sensitivity was lower (42-49%) and androgen secretion after HCG injection was greater (63-110%) compared with control subjects. The MNC-derived TNFα, IL-6 and IL-1β and circulating IL-6 responses were inversely associated with insulin sensitivity and directly associated with fasting lipids and androgen secretion after HCG injection. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The sample size of each of the four study groups was modest following group assignment of subjects by body mass. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: This study showcases the unique pro-inflammatory contribution of circulating MNC in the development of metabolic aberration and androgen excess in PCOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1177
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • Androgen excess
  • Cytokines
  • Metabolic aberration
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Saturated fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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