Lipopolysaccharides improve mesenchymal stem cell-mediated cardioprotection by MyD88 and stat3 signaling in a mouse model of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury

Xiaona Chu, Bing Xu, Hongyu Gao, Bai Yan Li, Yunlong Liu, Jill L. Reiter, Yue Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) improve cardiac function after ischemia/reperfusion injury, in part, due to the release of cytoprotective paracrine factors. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is expressed in MSCs and regulates the expression of cytoprotective factors, cytokines, and chemokines. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation of TLR4 activates two distinct signaling pathways that are either MyD88 dependent or MyD88 independent/TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF) dependent. While it was reported previously that LPS treatment improved MSC-mediated cardioprotection, the mechanism underlying such improved effect remains unknown. To study the role of MyD88 signaling in MSC cardioprotective activity, wild type (WT) and MyD88-/- MSCs were treated with LPS (200 ng/mL) for 24 h. WT and MyD88-/- MSCs with or without LPS pretreatment were infused into the coronary circulation of isolated mouse hearts (Langendorff model) and then subjected to ischemia (25 min) and reperfusion (50 min). Saline served as a negative control. Both untreated and LPS-pretreated WT MSCs significantly improved postischemic recovery of myocardial function of isolated mouse hearts, as evidenced by improved left ventricular developed pressure and ventricular contractility assessment (ie, the rate of left ventricle pressure change over time, ± dp/dt). LPS-pretreated WT MSCs conferred better cardiac function recovery than untreated MSCs; however, such effect of LPS was abolished when using MyD88-/- MSCs. In addition, LPS stimulated stat3 activity in WT MSCs, but not MyD88-/- MSCs. stat3 small interfering RNA abolished the effect of LPS in improving the cardioprotection of WT MSCs. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that LPS improves MSC-mediated cardioprotection by MyD88-dependent activation of stat3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-631
Number of pages12
JournalStem cells and development
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2019



  • LPS
  • MSC
  • TLR4
  • ischemia/reperfusion
  • paracrine factors
  • stat3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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