Glycogen synthase, the rate-limiting enzyme in glycogen biosynthesis, has been postulated to exist as isozymes in rabbit liver and muscle (Camici, M., Ahmad, Z., DePaoli-Roach, A.A., and Roach, P.J. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 2466-2473). Both isozymes share a number of properties including multiple phosphorylation of the enzyme subunit. In the present study, we determined the amino acid sequences surrounding phosphorylation sites in the rabbit liver isozyme recognized by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. Two dominant phosphopeptides (P-1 and P-2) were generated from tryptic digestion. Amino acid sequences of the purified peptides were determined by automated Edman degradation using a gas-phase sequenator. The locations of phosphorylated residues were identified by measuring 32P(i) release during Edman degradation cycles. The NH2-terminal sequence of peptide P-1 is S-L-S(P)-V-T-S-L-G-G-L-P-Q-W-E-V-E-E-L-P-V-D-D-L-L-L-P-E-V. This sequence exhibits a strong homology to the site 2 region in the NH2 terminus of the muscle isozyme. The NH2-terminal sequence of peptide P-2 is M-Y-P-R-P-S(P)-S(P)-V-P-P-S-P-L-G-S-Q-A. This sequence shows strong homology to the site 3 region in the COOH ternimus of the muscle isozyme. However, some interesting sequence differences were revealed in this region. For example, substitution of serine for alanine at position 6 of peptide P-2 created a new phosphorylation site for cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. Phosphorylation of the proline/serine-rich site 3 region correlated with inactivation of the liver isozyme and suggests an important role for this segment of the molecule in the regulation of glycogen synthase. No phosphorylation sites corresponding to sites 1a and 1b of the muscle isozyme were detected. In addition, the results provide definitive chemical proof that glycogen synthase from rabbit liver and muscle are isozymes encoded by distinct messages.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology