Long-term continuous suppression with once-yearly histrelin subcutaneous implants for the treatment of central precocious puberty: A final report of a phase 3 multicenter trial

Lawrence A. Silverman, E. Kirk Neely, Gad B. Kletter, Katherine Lewis, Surya Chitra, Oksana Terleckyj, Erica A. Eugster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations


Context and Objective: The histrelin implant has proven to be an effective method of delivering GnRH analog (GnRHa) therapy to children with central precocious puberty (CPP), yet there are limited data available regarding hormonal suppression and auxological changes during an extended course of therapy. Design: This was a phase 3, prospective, open-label study. Setting and Participants: Thirty-six children with CPP who participated in a phase 3, open-label study and required further GnRHa therapy were eligible to continue treatment receiving a new implant upon removal of the prior 12-month histrelin implant during a long-term extension phase. Outcome Measures: Hormone levels and auxologic parameters were measured periodically for up to 6 years of treatment and up to 1 year of posttreatment follow-up. Results: Hormonal suppression was maintained throughout the study in patients who had prior GnRHa therapy (n = 16) and in treatment-naive patients (n = 20). Bone age to chronological age ratio decreased from 1.417 (n = 20) at baseline to 1.18 (n = 8) at 48 months in treatment-naive children (P < .01). Predicted adult height in girls increased from 151.9 cm at baseline to 166.5 cm at month 60 (n = 6; P < .05), with a 10.7-cm height gain observed among treatment-naive children (n = 5). No adverse effect on growth or recovery of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis was observed with hormonal suppression. The histrelin implant was generally well tolerated during long-term therapy. Conclusions: Long-term histrelin implant therapy provided sustained gonadotropin suppression safely and effectively and improved predicted adult height in children with CPP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2354-2363
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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