Objective To evaluate the long-term (>5 years) health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes following radical cystectomy, comparing Indiana pouch (IP), neobladder (NB), and ileal conduit (IC). Materials and Methods The departmental radical cystectomy database was queried to identify patients who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion for bladder cancer between 1991 and 2009 and had not died. Three hundred patients were identified and sent the validated Bladder Cancer Index instrument. Results A total of 128 (43%) patients completed the survey. When adjusted for gender, age at surgery, surgeon, and time since surgery, IC and IP patients had significantly better urinary function than NB patients (P =.0013). Sexual bother was less in NB than IP (P =.0387). Among men ≥65 years of age, IC patients had significantly better urinary function (P =.0376) than NB patients (91.6 vs 49.4, respectively). Among men <65 years of age, IC and IP patients (76.0 and 82.8, respectively) had significantly better urinary function than NB patients (50.7) (P =.0199). Among women greater than 65 years, bowel bother was significantly better (P =.0095) for IC patients than IP patients (44.8 vs 69.5, respectively). Conclusion Urinary diversion type after radical cystectomy affects HRQOL differently in long-term survivors. Age and gender at surgery influenced HRQOL based on diversion procedure. Urinary function but not urinary bother was significantly better in IC and IP compared to NB diversions. Prospective longitudinal studies using validated HRQOL tools will further help guide preoperative diversion choice decisions between patient and surgeon.
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