Long-term musical experience and auditory and visual perceptual abilities under adverse conditions

Esperanza M. Anaya, David Pisoni, William Kronenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Musicians have been shown to have enhanced speech perception in noise skills. It is unclear whether these improvements are limited to the auditory modality, as no research has examined musicians' visual perceptual abilities under degraded conditions. The current study examined associations between long-term musical experience and visual perception under noisy or degraded conditions. The performance of 11 musicians and 11 age-matched nonmusicians was compared on several auditory and visual perceptions in noise measures. Auditory perception tests included speech-in-noise tests and an environmental sound in noise test. Visual perception tasks included a fragmented sentences task, an object recognition task, and a lip-reading measure. Participants' vocabulary knowledge and nonverbal reasoning abilities were also assessed. Musicians outperformed nonmusicians on the speech perception in noise measures as well as the visual fragmented sentences task. Musicians also displayed better vocabulary knowledge in comparison to nonmusicians. Associations were found between perception of speech and visually degraded text. The findings show that long-term musical experience is associated with modality-general improvements in perceptual abilities. Possible systems supporting musicians' perceptual abilities are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2074-2081
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume140
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

visual perception
auditory perception
sentences
lip reading
Musicians
Musical Terms
Hearing
acoustics
Visual Perception
Speech Perception
Modality
Auditory Perception
Vocabulary Knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Long-term musical experience and auditory and visual perceptual abilities under adverse conditions. / Anaya, Esperanza M.; Pisoni, David; Kronenberger, William.

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 140, No. 3, 01.09.2016, p. 2074-2081.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{565143f4aec640e58f310494db5084b3,
title = "Long-term musical experience and auditory and visual perceptual abilities under adverse conditions",
abstract = "Musicians have been shown to have enhanced speech perception in noise skills. It is unclear whether these improvements are limited to the auditory modality, as no research has examined musicians' visual perceptual abilities under degraded conditions. The current study examined associations between long-term musical experience and visual perception under noisy or degraded conditions. The performance of 11 musicians and 11 age-matched nonmusicians was compared on several auditory and visual perceptions in noise measures. Auditory perception tests included speech-in-noise tests and an environmental sound in noise test. Visual perception tasks included a fragmented sentences task, an object recognition task, and a lip-reading measure. Participants' vocabulary knowledge and nonverbal reasoning abilities were also assessed. Musicians outperformed nonmusicians on the speech perception in noise measures as well as the visual fragmented sentences task. Musicians also displayed better vocabulary knowledge in comparison to nonmusicians. Associations were found between perception of speech and visually degraded text. The findings show that long-term musical experience is associated with modality-general improvements in perceptual abilities. Possible systems supporting musicians' perceptual abilities are discussed.",
author = "Anaya, {Esperanza M.} and David Pisoni and William Kronenberger",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1121/1.4962628",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "140",
pages = "2074--2081",
journal = "Journal of the Acoustical Society of America",
issn = "0001-4966",
publisher = "Acoustical Society of America",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term musical experience and auditory and visual perceptual abilities under adverse conditions

AU - Anaya, Esperanza M.

AU - Pisoni, David

AU - Kronenberger, William

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - Musicians have been shown to have enhanced speech perception in noise skills. It is unclear whether these improvements are limited to the auditory modality, as no research has examined musicians' visual perceptual abilities under degraded conditions. The current study examined associations between long-term musical experience and visual perception under noisy or degraded conditions. The performance of 11 musicians and 11 age-matched nonmusicians was compared on several auditory and visual perceptions in noise measures. Auditory perception tests included speech-in-noise tests and an environmental sound in noise test. Visual perception tasks included a fragmented sentences task, an object recognition task, and a lip-reading measure. Participants' vocabulary knowledge and nonverbal reasoning abilities were also assessed. Musicians outperformed nonmusicians on the speech perception in noise measures as well as the visual fragmented sentences task. Musicians also displayed better vocabulary knowledge in comparison to nonmusicians. Associations were found between perception of speech and visually degraded text. The findings show that long-term musical experience is associated with modality-general improvements in perceptual abilities. Possible systems supporting musicians' perceptual abilities are discussed.

AB - Musicians have been shown to have enhanced speech perception in noise skills. It is unclear whether these improvements are limited to the auditory modality, as no research has examined musicians' visual perceptual abilities under degraded conditions. The current study examined associations between long-term musical experience and visual perception under noisy or degraded conditions. The performance of 11 musicians and 11 age-matched nonmusicians was compared on several auditory and visual perceptions in noise measures. Auditory perception tests included speech-in-noise tests and an environmental sound in noise test. Visual perception tasks included a fragmented sentences task, an object recognition task, and a lip-reading measure. Participants' vocabulary knowledge and nonverbal reasoning abilities were also assessed. Musicians outperformed nonmusicians on the speech perception in noise measures as well as the visual fragmented sentences task. Musicians also displayed better vocabulary knowledge in comparison to nonmusicians. Associations were found between perception of speech and visually degraded text. The findings show that long-term musical experience is associated with modality-general improvements in perceptual abilities. Possible systems supporting musicians' perceptual abilities are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84989171919&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84989171919&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1121/1.4962628

DO - 10.1121/1.4962628

M3 - Article

C2 - 27914434

AN - SCOPUS:84989171919

VL - 140

SP - 2074

EP - 2081

JO - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

JF - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

SN - 0001-4966

IS - 3

ER -