In low volume testicular cancer, (clinical stage A/B1) retroperitoneal lymph node dissection has maintained its therapeutic benefit while minimizing morbidity with the reduction of the surgical template from a full bilateral dissection to a unilateral nerve-sparring surgery. The optimal treatment for low stage disease is largely patient driven with surgery and surveillance considered the primary treatment modalities. In the post chemotherapy population, patients with complete radiographic resolution of retroperitoneal disease are observed at Indiana University as the relapse rate in this population is ∼5%. Residual masses after chemotherapy should be resected. A modified post chemotherapy dissection is adequate in low volume disease restricted to the primary landing zone of the affected testicle. In chemo-refractory disease, aggressive surgery provides a 5 year survival of 31% for patients with active cancer. Excluding chemo-naïve patients, late relapse disease is managed surgically with 50% being cured of disease.
- Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection
- Testicular cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas