Purpose: Radiation-induced ureteral stricture disease poses significant surgical challenges. Ureteral substitution with ileum has long been a versatile option for reconstruction. We evaluated outcomes in patients undergoing ileal ureter replacement for ureteral reconstruction due to radiation-induced ureteral stricture versus other causes. Methods: Between July 1989 and June 2013, 155 patients underwent consecutive ileal ureter creation. The study cohort included 104 patients with complete data sets and at least 7 months of follow up. Records were retrospectively reviewed with regard to demographics, indications, complications, and renal deterioration. Results: Surgical indications included radiation-induced stricture in 23 (22%) and non-radiation-induced stricture in 81 (78%). Comparing ileal ureter substitution due to radiation versus other stricture etiologies, no statistical significance was observed in regard to age (45.6 vs. 51.2, p = 0.141), hospital length of stay in days (8.8 vs. 7.7, p = 0.216), percent GFR loss (MDRD-4 vs. -5%, p = 0.670 and CKD-EPI-7 vs. -6%, p = 0.914), 30-day surgical complications (26.1 vs. 30.1%, p = 0.658), metabolic acidosis (8.7 vs. 1.2%, p = 0.059), and renal failure requiring dialysis (4.3 vs. 1.2%, p = 0.337). Fistula formation (13.0 vs. 3.7%, p = 0.095), partial small bowel obstructions (21.7 vs. 7.4%, p = 0.063), and small bowel obstructions requiring reoperation (13.0 vs. 1.2%, p = 0.033) approached or reached statistical significance. Using Kaplan–Meier methodology, there was no difference in time to worsening renal outcome between the radiation and non-radiation groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Ureteral substitution with ileum is an effective reconstructive option for radiation-induced ureteral strictures in carefully selected patients.
- Ileal ureter
- Radiation-induced ureteral stricture
- Renal function
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