Background and Purpose: Recent data on stroke mortality in diabetics in the United States is lacking. We investigated trends in diabetes prevalence and stroke morality among diabetics in a large veteran cohort. Methods: The Patient Treatment File was used to identify all patients discharged from any Veterans hospital between October 1990 and September 1997 with a diagnosis of ischemic stroke (ICD-9-CM codes 434, 436) listed as primary diagnosis. Demographic, morbidity, and mortality data were recorded. Chi-square tests were used to examine differences between diabetics and nondiabetics, and t tests were used for continuous variables. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine the effects of diabetes (DM) on the survival times controlling for multiple covariates. Results: Of 48 733 ischemic stroke patients identified, 98% were male and 13 925 (25%) had DM. Mean age was similar between DM and non-DM (67.2 versus 67.5, P≤NS). Prevalence of DM among stroke subjects increased from 25% to 31%. Charlson index >2 was much higher in DM (68.2% versus 47.9%, P<0.001). Mortality at 60 days and 1 year was similar in both groups (2.9 versus 2.7%, P≤NS; 12.6 versus 13.1, P≤NS). Kaplan-Meier survival plot showed that DM had shorter long term survival time (log-rank, P<0.001). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression showed a higher risk of death for diabetics (HR≤1.15, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.19, P<0.001). Conclusion: Despite greater comorbidity, postacute ischemic stroke mortality at 60 days and 1 year is not different between subjects with and without DM. Long term mortality after stroke is much lower among DM than that reported in older studies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Clinical Neurology
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing