Background: There are approximately 2000 lung transplants performed across the United States annually. There is limited data to identify factors predictive of long-term survival. Objective: We evaluated 10-year survivors after lung transplant to determine predictors of long-term survival. Methods: Data were collected from the United Network for Organ Sharing registry database from a single institution. Inclusion criteria were: patients who received a lung transplant between 1989 and 2005. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and survival outcomes were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Three hundred sixty-one patients received a lung transplant between 1989 and 2005, and 77 patients survived at least 10 years (21%). Diagnoses at the time of transplant included: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/emphysema 45 (58.4%), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis 12 (15.6%), alpha 1 anti-trypsin deficiency 6 (7.8%), cystic fibrosis 4 (5.2%), primary pulmonary hypertension 2 (2.6%), and Eisenmenger's syndrome 1 (1.3%). Seventy-four recipients (96.10%) were Caucasian; 46 (59.74%) were female. Age at the time of transplant ranged from 19 to 67 years (mean 50.8; median 52). Forty-two patients (54.5%) were double lung recipients. Survival ranged from 10.0 to 21.9 years (mean 15.5y; median 15.48y). Forty-two (54.5%) subjects are currently alive; the most common causes of death included: chronic rejection (20%), and infection (17.14%). Conclusions: Ten-year survivors were significantly younger, weighed less, and had significantly shorter lengths of hospitalization after transplantation. Bilateral lung transplantation was a significant factor in prolonged survival. Survival also improved with institutional experience.
- clinical review
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine