Loss of heterozygosity identifies genetic changes in chronic myeloid disorders, including myeloproliferative disorders, myelodysplastic syndromes and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia

Dennis P. O'Malley, Attilio Orazi, Cherie H. Dunphy, Benjamin R. Coleman, Rebecca A. Marks, Mingsheng Wang, Liang Cheng

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluates changes in genetic loci of chronic myeloid disorders using loss of heterozygosity (LOH) techniques. We present the combined results of three experiments. First, examination of a panel of genetic loci in groups of myeloproliferative disorders was evaluated. The second experiment involved microdissection of megakaryocytes from myeloproliferative disorders and comparison of their genetic changes to surrounding neoplastic marrow elements. Finally, we compared results of LOH studies of myeloproliferative disorders to those of myelodysplastic syndromes and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. A total of 41 bone marrow biopsies were evaluated. Twenty-seven were myeloproliferative disorders (11 chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis, 11 essential thrombocythemia, 5 polycythemia vera). The remaining cases consisted of myelodysplastic syndromes (total=5; RAEB-1=2; RAEB-2=2; MDS, not otherwise specified=1) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (n=8). The abnormalities in myeloproliferative disorders were distributed as follows: D7S2554-4/14 (5/14); D8S263-4/15 (5/15); D9S157-5/15 (5/15); D9S161-7/17 (6/17); D13S319-5/14 (4/14); TP53-5/16 (5/16); D20S108-4/15 (4/15). In 75% cases diagnosed as essential thrombocythemia (6/8), both cases of polycythemia vera (2/2), and 29% cases of chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis (2/7), there were genetic differences between the megakaryocytes and the surrounding marrow. These results suggest that in some cases, megakaryocytes have different clonal abnormalities than surrounding hematopoietic tissue. The genetic profiles of myeloproliferative disorders had several differences from those of myelodysplastic syndromes. Although different from both, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia appeared more similar to myeloproliferative disorders using these techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1166-1171
Number of pages6
JournalModern Pathology
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases
  • Myeloproliferative disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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