Asialoorosomucoid (ASOR) is internalized and degraded by HepG2 cells after binding to the asialoglycoprotein (ASGP) receptor, internalization through the coated pit/coated vesicle pathway, and trafficking to lysosomes. Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline antimalarial compound, inhibits ASOR degradation at concentrations greater than 0.2 mM by neutralizing intracellular acid compartments. This leads to alterations in surface receptor number, receptor-ligand dissociation, and receptor recycling. We have investigated the effects of primaquine on 125I-ASOR uptake and degradation as a function of primaquine concentration and duration of exposure. Concentrations below those required for neutralization of acidic compartments block 125I-ASOR degradation in HepG2 cells and lead to intracellular ligand accumulation. This effect is maximal at 80 μM primaquine. The intracellular 125I-ASOR is undegraded, dissociated from the ASGP receptor, and contained within vesicular compartments distinct from lysosomes, plasma membrane, or endosomes. In addition, the effect of 80 μM primaquine on 125I-ASOR degradation is very slowly reversible (>6 h), in contrast to primaquine's rapidly reversible effect on receptor recycling and ligand uptake (10 min). Furthermore, the effect is ligand-specific. 125I-asialofetuin, another ASGP receptor ligand, is internalized and degraded in lysosomes at normal rates in HepG2 cells exposed to 80 μM primaquine. These findings indicate that primaquine has multiple effects on the uptake and degradation of ligand occurring in the endosome-lysosome pathway. These effects of primaquine differ in their concentration-dependence, site of action, reversibility, and ligand selectivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology