Background and Objectives: Previous limited experiences have reported the 19-gauge flexible needle to be highly effective in performing endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) for transduodenal lesions. We designed a large multicenter prospective study with the aim at evaluating the performance of this newly developed needle. Patients and Methods: Consecutive patients with solid lesions who needed to undergo EUS sampling from the duodenum were enrolled in 6 tertiary care referral centers. Puncture of the lesion was performed with the 19-gauge flexible needle (Expect™ and Slimline Expect™ 19 Flex). The feasibility, procurement yield, and diagnostic accuracy were evaluated. Results: Totally, 246 patients (144 males, mean age 65.1 ± 12.7 years) with solid lesions (203 cases) or enlarged lymph nodes (43 cases) were enrolled, with a mean size of 32.6 ± 12.2 mm. The procedure was technically feasible in 228 patients, with an overall procurement yield of 76.8%. Two centers had suboptimal procurement yields (66.7% and 64.2%). Major complications occurred in six cases: two of bleeding, two of mild acute pancreatitis, one perforation requiring surgery, and one duodenal hematoma. Considering malignant versus nonmalignant disease, the sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative likelihood ratios, and diagnostic accuracy were 70.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 64.3-76.6), 100% (95% CI: 79.6-100), 35.3 (95% CI: 2.3-549.8)/0.3 (95% CI: 0.2-0.4), and 73.6% (95% CI: 67.6-79). On multivariate analysis, the only determinant of successful EUS-FNB was the center in which the procedure was performed. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the use of the 19-gauge flexible needle cannot be widely advocated and its implementation should receive local validation after careful evaluation of both the technical success rates and diagnostic yield.
- 19-gauge flexible needle
- Nitinol endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration needle
- Transduodenal endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging