Low-Magnitude Forces for Bone Modeling and Remodeling in Dentofacial Orthopedics

Achint Utreja

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: To examine the evidence in support of light continuous forces for enhancing bone adaptation (modeling and remodeling) in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. Recent Findings: Clinical evidence suggests that light continuous orthodontic force can achieve physiologic expansion of the maxillary arch, but the long-term stability and the biological effects of the procedure are unclear. Compared to conventional orthodontic appliances that deliver heavy interrupted forces for tooth movement, the application of low-magnitude forces in animal models leads to anabolic modeling and remodeling of the alveolar bone in the path of orthodontic tooth movement. This results in dental translation and expansion of the alveolar process. Summary: Light continuous forces are preferable to heavy forces for more physiologic dentofacial orthopedics. The interaction of low-magnitude loads with soft tissue posture achieves therapeutic adaptation of the craniofacial skeleton. The increasing emphasis on genomic medicine and personalized treatment planning should focus on low-magnitude loads in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018


  • Light continuous force
  • Maxillary expansion
  • Orthodontic tooth movement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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