Macrophage membrane interleukin 1 regulates the expression of acute phase proteins in human hepatoma Hep 3B cells

H. U. Beuscher, R. J. Fallon, H. R. Colten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations


To assess the potential role of membrane interleukin 1 (mIL-1) in modulating expression of acute phase proteins, we studied the effect of fixed mouse peritoneal macrophages and isolated cell membranes on the synthesis of C3 and albumin in human hepatoma Hep 3B cells. An increase in C3 synthesis and decrease in albumin synthesis were detected after incubation of Hep 3B cells with fixed stimulated macrophages or with membrane preparations. Estimates of hepatocellular C3 and albumin mRNA indicated that the mIL-1 regulation was exerted at a pretranslational level. The changes in C3 and albumin expression induced by mIL-1 were inhibited by addition of anti-interleukin 1 (IL-1) antiserum to the macrophages, supporting the hypothesis that a form of IL-1 is present on the outer cell membrane of macrophages. Moreover, cell-surface iodination of macrophages allowed the detection of a 33-kDa IL-1 molecule, suggesting that an IL-1 species, similar to the intracellular precursor of IL-1 is present at the outer cell surface of macrophages. The expression of mIL-1 was temporally dissociated from IL-1 release, indicating that the cell-surface associated IL-1 activity is not the result of adsorbed soluble IL-1. These studies provide a basis for further investigation of the role of mIL-1 in modulating monocytes and macrophages function via cell-cell interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1896-1901
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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