Mad2 haploinsufficiency protects hematopoietic progenitor cells subjected to cell-cycle stress in vivo and to inhibition of redox function of Ape1/Ref-1 in vitro

Sara L. Rohrabaugh, Giao Hangoc, Mark R. Kelley, Hal E. Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Objective: Cell-cycle checkpoints guarantee movement through the cell cycle. Mitotic arrest deficiency 2 (Mad2), a mitotic checkpoint protein, appears crucial for generating the wait anaphase signal to prevent onset of anaphase. We evaluated effects of Mad2 haploinsufficiency on hematopoietic stem (HSC) and progenitor (HPC) function in response to stress. Materials and Methods: We studied effects of Mad2+/- on in vivo recovery of bone marrow HPC from cytotoxic effects and also effects of cytostatic agents on HPC growth in vitro using Mad2+/- mice. Results: Mad2+/- HPCs were protected from cytotoxic effects in vivo of a cell-cycle-specific agent, Ara-C, events consistent with Mad2+/- HPCs being in a slow or noncycling state, but not from recovery of functional HPC after treatment with non-cycle-specific cyclophosphamide or sublethal irradiation. There were no differences in phenotyped HSCs in Mad2+/- & Mad2+/+ mice, information confirmed by no changes in short- or long-term repopulating HSC assay. To better understand Mad2+/- HPC function, E3330, a cytostatic agent, was used to assess redox function of Ape1/Ref-1; colony growth was examined under 5% and 20% O2 tension. Mad2+/- HPCs were less responsive to E3330 than Mad2+/+ HPCs, and E3330 was more effective under lowered O2 tension. Mad2+/- HPCs were not enhanced at lowered oxygen, as were Mad2+/+ HPCs. Conclusions: Our studies have unexpectedly found that Mad2 haploinsufficiency is protective in the presence of a cycle-specific DNA synthesis agent in vivo, and Ape1/Ref-1 inhibitor in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-423
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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