Mitotic arrest deficiency 2 (Mad2) is a component of mitotic spindle checkpoint proteins and is essential for accurate chromosome segregation. We investigated a role for Mad2 in hematopoiesis using Mad2-haploinsufficient (Mad2+/-) mice. Mad2+/- bone marrow (BM) and spleen manifested decreased absolute numbers and cycling status of immature, but not mature, hematopoietic progenitor cells. Mad2+/- BM granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units (CFU-GMs) did not manifest synergistic proliferation in response to stem cell factor (SCF) plus GM-CSF. The percentage of annexin V+ cells was higher in Mad2+/- than Mad2+/+ c-Kit+lin- BM after culture with SCF and GM-CSF. However, no significant difference in phosphorylation of extracellular signal-related kinase (Erk1/2) at Thr202/Tyr204 and Akt at Ser473 between Mad2+/- and Mad2+/+ BM c-Kit+lin - cells was observed. Immunoprecipitation assays performed in human MO7e cells demonstrated physical association of c-Kit with Mad2. Moreover, stimulation with SCF plus GM-CSF led to dissociation of Mad2 from c-Kit. Confocal microscopy demonstrated that Mad2 colocalized with c-Kit in the cytoplasm of MO7e cells. These results suggest that Mad2 is involved in synergistic growth of immature hematopoietic progenitor cells in response to SCF plus GM-CSF, effects that may be mediated via physical association of Mad2 with c-Kit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology