Melanoma-associated antigen A1 (MAGEA1) and BORIS (also known as CTCFL) are members of the cancer testis antigen (CTA) family. Their functions and expression-regulation mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we reveal new functions and regulatory mechanisms of MAGEA1 and BORIS in breast cancer cells, which we investigated in parental and genetically manipulated breast cancer cells via gene overexpression or siRNA-mediated downregulation. We identified the interaction between MAGEA1 and CTCF, which is required for the binding of MAGEA1 to the BORIS promoter and is critical for the recruitment of DNMT3a. A protein complex containing MAGEA1, CTCF and DNMT3a was formed before or after conjunction with the BORIS promoter. The binding of this complex to the BORIS promoter accounts for the hypermethylation and repression of BORIS expression, which results in cell death in the breast cancer cell lines tested. Multiple approaches were employed, including co-immunoprecipitation, glutathione S-transferase pull-down assay, co-localization and cell death analyses using annexin V-FITC/ propidium iodide double-staining and caspase 3 activation assays, chromatin immunoprecipitation and bisulfite sequencing PCR assays for methylation. Our results have implications for the development of strategies in CTA-based immune therapeutics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology