Magnesium deficiency enhances basal glucose disposal in the rat

P. Lowney, T. S. Hannon, A. D. Baron

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11 Scopus citations


To investigate the contribution of hepatic and peripheral tissues to the enhanced glucose disposal rate (K(g)) observed in magnesium (Mg)-deficient rats, euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps were performed with continuous infusion of [3-3H]glucose and three insulin infusion rates, 1, 8, and 16 μU · kg-1 · min-1. Moderately Mg-deficient (Mg-, 4.2 μM Mg/g diet) and Mg-adequate (Mg+, 16.7 μM Mg/g diet) Sprague-Dawley rats were studied after 3 wk of dietary treatment. Growth, fasting glucose, and insulin concentrations were not affected by dietary treatment. Basal hepatic glucose output (HGO) and glucose disposal (R(d)) were increased by 24% in Mg- rats (P < 0.001).After 1 μU insulin · kg-1 · min-1 infusion, R(d) and the glucose infusion rate that maintained euglycemia were significantly increased in Mg- rats by 24 and 46%, respectively. However, when the increase in R(d) above baseline was examined, no significant differences were observed. Therefore, the increased basal glucose disposal observed in Mg- rats may be mediated by noninsulin-dependent mechanisms. Insulin suppression of HGO during 1 μU insulin · kg-1 · min-1 infusion was greater in Mg- rats (43%) compared with Mg+ rats (27%, P < 0.05). In conclusion, the increased K(g) observed in Mg- rats is likely to be caused by an increase in noninsulin-mediated glucose uptake and an enhancement of hepatic insulin sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E925-E931
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number5 31-5
StatePublished - 1995


  • noninsulin-mediated glucose uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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