Male rape myths: The role of gender, violence, and sexism

Kristine Chapleau, Debra L. Oswald, Brenda L. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the structure of Struckman-Johnson and Struckman-Johnson's Male Rape Myth Scale, examines gender differences in rape myth acceptance, and explores the underlying ideologies that facilitate male rape myth acceptance. A three-factor model, with rape myths regarding Trauma, Blame, and Denial as separate subscales, is the best fitting solution. However, the results indicate that additional scale development and validity tests are necessary. In exploratory analyses, men are more accepting of male rape myths than are women. Benevolent sexism toward men and acceptance of interpersonal violence are strong predictors of male rape myth acceptance for both men and women. Thus, the attitudes that facilitate rape myth acceptance against men appear to be similar to those that facilitate rape myth acceptance against women. Suggestions for future scale development are outlined and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-615
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sexism
Rape
sexism
rape
Violence
myth
violence
acceptance
gender
Ideologies
trauma
gender-specific factors
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Acceptance of interpersonal violence
  • Ambivalent sexism
  • Male rape
  • Rape myths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Male rape myths : The role of gender, violence, and sexism. / Chapleau, Kristine; Oswald, Debra L.; Russell, Brenda L.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 23, No. 5, 05.2008, p. 600-615.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chapleau, Kristine ; Oswald, Debra L. ; Russell, Brenda L. / Male rape myths : The role of gender, violence, and sexism. In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2008 ; Vol. 23, No. 5. pp. 600-615.
@article{46dc40d161304e2cbfc357799a66b4fd,
title = "Male rape myths: The role of gender, violence, and sexism",
abstract = "This study investigates the structure of Struckman-Johnson and Struckman-Johnson's Male Rape Myth Scale, examines gender differences in rape myth acceptance, and explores the underlying ideologies that facilitate male rape myth acceptance. A three-factor model, with rape myths regarding Trauma, Blame, and Denial as separate subscales, is the best fitting solution. However, the results indicate that additional scale development and validity tests are necessary. In exploratory analyses, men are more accepting of male rape myths than are women. Benevolent sexism toward men and acceptance of interpersonal violence are strong predictors of male rape myth acceptance for both men and women. Thus, the attitudes that facilitate rape myth acceptance against men appear to be similar to those that facilitate rape myth acceptance against women. Suggestions for future scale development are outlined and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.",
keywords = "Acceptance of interpersonal violence, Ambivalent sexism, Male rape, Rape myths",
author = "Kristine Chapleau and Oswald, {Debra L.} and Russell, {Brenda L.}",
year = "2008",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1177/0886260507313529",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "600--615",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Male rape myths

T2 - The role of gender, violence, and sexism

AU - Chapleau, Kristine

AU - Oswald, Debra L.

AU - Russell, Brenda L.

PY - 2008/5

Y1 - 2008/5

N2 - This study investigates the structure of Struckman-Johnson and Struckman-Johnson's Male Rape Myth Scale, examines gender differences in rape myth acceptance, and explores the underlying ideologies that facilitate male rape myth acceptance. A three-factor model, with rape myths regarding Trauma, Blame, and Denial as separate subscales, is the best fitting solution. However, the results indicate that additional scale development and validity tests are necessary. In exploratory analyses, men are more accepting of male rape myths than are women. Benevolent sexism toward men and acceptance of interpersonal violence are strong predictors of male rape myth acceptance for both men and women. Thus, the attitudes that facilitate rape myth acceptance against men appear to be similar to those that facilitate rape myth acceptance against women. Suggestions for future scale development are outlined and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.

AB - This study investigates the structure of Struckman-Johnson and Struckman-Johnson's Male Rape Myth Scale, examines gender differences in rape myth acceptance, and explores the underlying ideologies that facilitate male rape myth acceptance. A three-factor model, with rape myths regarding Trauma, Blame, and Denial as separate subscales, is the best fitting solution. However, the results indicate that additional scale development and validity tests are necessary. In exploratory analyses, men are more accepting of male rape myths than are women. Benevolent sexism toward men and acceptance of interpersonal violence are strong predictors of male rape myth acceptance for both men and women. Thus, the attitudes that facilitate rape myth acceptance against men appear to be similar to those that facilitate rape myth acceptance against women. Suggestions for future scale development are outlined and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.

KW - Acceptance of interpersonal violence

KW - Ambivalent sexism

KW - Male rape

KW - Rape myths

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=41549092772&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=41549092772&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0886260507313529

DO - 10.1177/0886260507313529

M3 - Article

C2 - 18259049

AN - SCOPUS:41549092772

VL - 23

SP - 600

EP - 615

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

IS - 5

ER -