Management of alcohol misuse in patients with liver diseases

Jennifer L. Peng, Milan Prakash Patel, Breann McGee, Tiebing Liang, Kristina Chandler, Sucharat Tayarachakul, Sean O'Connor, Suthat Liangpunsakul

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Excessive alcohol use not only causes alcoholic liver disease (ALD) but also increases the risk of liver-related mortality in patients who already have other chronic liver diseases. Screening for alcohol misuse or alcohol use disorder (AUD) among patients with underlying liver disease is essential. This clinical review covers what is known about ALD, the impact of alcohol in patients with underlying liver diseases, current management of alcohol misuse and AUD, and the management of alcohol misuse and AUD specifically in patients with liver diseases. Several treatment options for alcohol misuse and AUD exist such as psychosocial intervention and behavioral and pharmacological therapies. The strategies used in the treatment of alcohol misuse and AUD are still applicable in those who consume alcohol and have underlying liver disease. However, certain medications still need to be carefully used due to potentially worsening already compromised liver function. Screening of ongoing alcohol use in subjects with liver disease is important, and prompt intervention is needed to prevent the associated morbidity and mortality from the detrimental effects of continued alcohol use on underlying liver disease. Considering alcoholism is a complex disease, probably a multidisciplinary approach combining psychotherapy and comprehensive medical care will be the most effective. Future research could focus on identifying additional treatment options for addressing the psychotherapy component since the self-determination and will to quit drinking alcohol can play such a crucial role in promoting abstinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-680
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Investigative Medicine
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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Liver
Liver Diseases
Alcohols
Alcoholic Liver Diseases
Psychotherapy
Screening
Personal Autonomy
Mortality
Therapeutics
Disease Management
Alcohol Drinking
Health care
Alcoholism
Chronic Disease
Pharmacology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Management of alcohol misuse in patients with liver diseases. / Peng, Jennifer L.; Patel, Milan Prakash; McGee, Breann; Liang, Tiebing; Chandler, Kristina; Tayarachakul, Sucharat; O'Connor, Sean; Liangpunsakul, Suthat.

In: Journal of Investigative Medicine, Vol. 65, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 673-680.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Peng, Jennifer L. ; Patel, Milan Prakash ; McGee, Breann ; Liang, Tiebing ; Chandler, Kristina ; Tayarachakul, Sucharat ; O'Connor, Sean ; Liangpunsakul, Suthat. / Management of alcohol misuse in patients with liver diseases. In: Journal of Investigative Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 65, No. 3. pp. 673-680.
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