Management of massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage from an adrenal tumor

Richard J. Hendrickson, Philip J. Katzman, Rodolfo Queiroz, James V. Sitzmann, Leonidas G. Koniaris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations


Spontaneous massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage from an adrenal gland is a rare event. A thoughtful and meticulous approach to such a patient, with appropriate diagnostic studies, ICU and surgical care are essential for patient survival. In patients with active bleeding, angiographic embolization is a valuable adjunct to achieve hemostasis, to allow for further work-up of the adrenal tumor, and an improved subsequent oncologic resection. Hemodynamically unstable patients, however, may require supportive transfusions in the intensive care unit, potential embolization if deemed feasible, or urgent surgical exploration. If possible, however, the acute surgical removal of an adrenal tumor within a large retroperitoneal hematoma should be avoided, as under such conditions a proper oncologic resection may not be possible. The possibility of a pheochromocytoma must always be entertained. Early recognition and treatment of patients with presumed adrenal insufficiency may decrease patient morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-696
Number of pages6
JournalEndocrine Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Addisonian
  • Cancer
  • Oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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