Marian Erdman: Contributions of an American Red Cross hospital recreation worker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


The purpose of this historical study was to investigate the life experiences of Marian Erdman, specifically her use of music in military hospitals. The work of Marian Erdman, as a hospital recreation worker for the American Red Cross from 1945 through 1948, provides personal insights into the role of musicians and music in military hospitals at the close of World War II. Questions addressed by this biographical study include (1) What were the professional experiences of Marian Erdman? (2) What were her views regarding the purpose and function of music in hospitals during the post-war era? (3) Did the Red Cross provide guidelines regarding the purpose and use of music with patients?, and (4) How did the events of the mid-1940s contribute to the formation of music therapy as an organized profession?

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-329
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Music Therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and Manual Therapy
  • Music

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