Marriage as a reproductive contract: Patterns of Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage

Leslie Buckle, Gordon G. Gallup, Zachary Rodd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patterns of marriage, divorce, remarriage, and redivorce were examined in several representative Western cultures through survey questions and archival data to test the hypothesis that marriage and divorce can be understood as expressions of underlying gender-specific, fitness maximization strategies. Differences between males and females were found for the relationship between age and patterns of both marriage and divorce, with females being far more likely at almost all ages to initiate divorce proceedings than males. Once divorced, however, formerly married females were less likely to remarry than formerly married males. The presence of children from a prior marriage had the effect of further decreasing the likelihood of remarriage for females, but not for males. Formerly married males without children tended to remarry females who had never been married, whereas just the opposite was true for divorced males with children. Consistent with our view of marriage as a reproductive contract, the absence of children was not only conducive to divorce and remarriage, but appeared to increase the likelihood of redivorce as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-377
Number of pages15
JournalEthology and Sociobiology
Volume17
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

divorce
marriage
Divorce
Contracts
Marriage
contract
Remarriage
gender
fitness

Keywords

  • Divorce
  • Hypergamy
  • Marriage
  • Remarriage
  • Reproduction
  • Sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Marriage as a reproductive contract : Patterns of Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage. / Buckle, Leslie; Gallup, Gordon G.; Rodd, Zachary.

In: Ethology and Sociobiology, Vol. 17, No. 6, 1996, p. 363-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{46799ae7677849a899a83d746f4fabeb,
title = "Marriage as a reproductive contract: Patterns of Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage",
abstract = "Patterns of marriage, divorce, remarriage, and redivorce were examined in several representative Western cultures through survey questions and archival data to test the hypothesis that marriage and divorce can be understood as expressions of underlying gender-specific, fitness maximization strategies. Differences between males and females were found for the relationship between age and patterns of both marriage and divorce, with females being far more likely at almost all ages to initiate divorce proceedings than males. Once divorced, however, formerly married females were less likely to remarry than formerly married males. The presence of children from a prior marriage had the effect of further decreasing the likelihood of remarriage for females, but not for males. Formerly married males without children tended to remarry females who had never been married, whereas just the opposite was true for divorced males with children. Consistent with our view of marriage as a reproductive contract, the absence of children was not only conducive to divorce and remarriage, but appeared to increase the likelihood of redivorce as well.",
keywords = "Divorce, Hypergamy, Marriage, Remarriage, Reproduction, Sex differences",
author = "Leslie Buckle and Gallup, {Gordon G.} and Zachary Rodd",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "363--377",
journal = "Evolution and Human Behavior",
issn = "1090-5138",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Marriage as a reproductive contract

T2 - Patterns of Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage

AU - Buckle, Leslie

AU - Gallup, Gordon G.

AU - Rodd, Zachary

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Patterns of marriage, divorce, remarriage, and redivorce were examined in several representative Western cultures through survey questions and archival data to test the hypothesis that marriage and divorce can be understood as expressions of underlying gender-specific, fitness maximization strategies. Differences between males and females were found for the relationship between age and patterns of both marriage and divorce, with females being far more likely at almost all ages to initiate divorce proceedings than males. Once divorced, however, formerly married females were less likely to remarry than formerly married males. The presence of children from a prior marriage had the effect of further decreasing the likelihood of remarriage for females, but not for males. Formerly married males without children tended to remarry females who had never been married, whereas just the opposite was true for divorced males with children. Consistent with our view of marriage as a reproductive contract, the absence of children was not only conducive to divorce and remarriage, but appeared to increase the likelihood of redivorce as well.

AB - Patterns of marriage, divorce, remarriage, and redivorce were examined in several representative Western cultures through survey questions and archival data to test the hypothesis that marriage and divorce can be understood as expressions of underlying gender-specific, fitness maximization strategies. Differences between males and females were found for the relationship between age and patterns of both marriage and divorce, with females being far more likely at almost all ages to initiate divorce proceedings than males. Once divorced, however, formerly married females were less likely to remarry than formerly married males. The presence of children from a prior marriage had the effect of further decreasing the likelihood of remarriage for females, but not for males. Formerly married males without children tended to remarry females who had never been married, whereas just the opposite was true for divorced males with children. Consistent with our view of marriage as a reproductive contract, the absence of children was not only conducive to divorce and remarriage, but appeared to increase the likelihood of redivorce as well.

KW - Divorce

KW - Hypergamy

KW - Marriage

KW - Remarriage

KW - Reproduction

KW - Sex differences

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000174174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000174174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000174174

VL - 17

SP - 363

EP - 377

JO - Evolution and Human Behavior

JF - Evolution and Human Behavior

SN - 1090-5138

IS - 6

ER -