Mayo's Older Americans Normative Studies: Age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the Auditory Verbal Learning Test and the Visual Spatial Learning Test

Brett A. Steinberg, Linas A. Bieliauskas, Glenn E. Smith, Robert J. Ivnik, James F. Malec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations


Although normative data sets for standardized neuropsychometric instruments frequently feature adjustments for subject variables, there are reasons to believe that improvements in interpretive accuracy that result from such adjustments are less than optimal. In particular, years of education may be less closely associated with test performances than is overall intellectual functioning. In this last of four reanalyses of results from the Mayo Clinic's Older Americans Normative Studies (MOANS) databases, age-adjusted scores for the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test and the Visual Spatial Learning Test were found to be more strongly related to Mayo age-adjusted WAIS-R Full Scale IQ scores (rs = .150 to .395) than to education (rs = .060 to .236) for healthy older examinees between 56 and 99 years of age. Although A VLT-FSIQ correlations were greatest at moderate levels of intelligence, VSLT-FSIQ correlations consistently increased in strength as intelligence increased (cf. Dodrill, 1997,1999). Basedon these results, we present tables of age- and IQ-adjusted percentile equivalents of Mayo age-adjusted AVLT index scores and MOANS age-adjusted AVLT and VSLT scaled scores for ten age ranges and either seven (AVLT) or five VSLT) IQ ranges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-523
Number of pages60
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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