Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type II (ADO2) is typically diagnosed from radiographs, which demonstrate the pathognomonic findings of osteosclerosis and endobone formation. Individuals with ADO2 also have elevated serum levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and the BB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-BB). In the current study, we tested the utility of these enzymes in making or refuting a diagnosis of ADO2. Furthermore, because ADO2 has incomplete penetrance, we examined whether TRAP and CK-BB were helpful in identifying gene carriers. We studied eight families, measured serum levels of TRAP and CK-BB in 52 affected individuals and 12 obligate gene carriers, and compared their values with age-matched controls. Our results demonstrate that affected patients have significantly elevated levels of both TRAP and CK-BB. In contrast, gene carriers have values that are not different from controls. Furthermore, in our study population, TRAP and CK-BB have a high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, particularly in children. From this large study of ADO2 patients and carriers, we conclude that: 1) TRAP and CK-BB are significantly elevated in patients with ADO2, 2) obligate carriers cannot be adequately identified by measurement of these analytes, and 3) TRAP and CK-BB are highly sensitive and specific diagnostic tests that can efficiently and effectively screen high-risk individuals who have not had previous radiographic assessment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical