Measuring primary care patients' attitudes about dementia screening

Malaz Boustani, Anthony J. Perkins, Patrick Monahan, Chris Fox, Lea Watson, John Hopkins, Bridget Fultz, Siu Hui, Frederick W. Unverzagt, Christopher M. Callahan, Hugh C. Hendrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations


Objectives: To develop a questionnaire that will capture patients' attitudes about dementia screening in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 315 patients aged 65 and older attending urban and rural primary care clinics in Indianapolis and North Carolina. The Perceptions Regarding Investigational Screening for Memory in Primary Care (PRISM-PC) questionnaire was administered via face-to-face or telephone interview. Results: The PRISM-PC questionnaire consists of two separate scales: the patient's acceptance of dementia screening scale and the patient's perceived harms and benefits of dementia screening scale. The face validity of the PRISM-PC questionnaire was based on a systematic literature review and the opinions of 16 clinician-investigators with experience in screening for dementia. Exploratory factor analyses for the acceptance scale revealed the presence of two dimensions: knowledge about dementia risk and testing for dementia. For the benefits and harms scale, exploratory factor analyses identified four dimensions: perceived benefits of screening, stigma of screening, suffering from screening, and impact of screening on patients' independence. The internal consistency of each of the above subscales was good with Cronbach's alpha ranging from 0.58-0.85. Conclusion: The PRISM-PC questionnaire captures primary care patients' acceptance, perceived harms, and perceived benefits of dementia screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)812-820
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008


  • Attitudes
  • Dementia
  • Harms
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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