Mechanical properties and surface characterization of beta titanium and stainless steel orthodontic wire following topical fluoride treatment

Mary P. Walker, David Ries, Katherine Kula, Micheal Ellis, Brian Fricke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


Objective: To study the effect of fluoride prophylactic agents on the loading and unloading mechanical properties and surface quality of beta titanium and stainless steel orthodontic wires. Materials and Methods: Rectangular beta titanium and stainless steel wires were immersed in either an acidulated fluoride agent, a neutral fluoride agent, or distilled water (control) for 1.5 hours at 37°C. After immersion, the loading and unloading elastic modulus and yield strength of the wires were measured using a 3-point bend test in a water bath at 37°C. A one-way analysis of variance and Dunnett's post hoc, α = .05, were used to analyze the mechanical testing data. Scanning electron microscopy was also used to qualitatively evaluate the wire topography as a function of the fluoride treatments. Results: Unloading mechanical properties of beta titanium and stainless steel wires were significantly decreased (P ≤ .05) after exposure to both fluoride agents. Corrosive changes in surface topography were also observed after exposure to both the neutral and the acidulated phosphate fluoride agents. Conclusions: The results suggest that using topical fluoride agents with beta titanium and stainless steel wire could decrease the functional unloading mechanical properties of the wires and potentially contribute to prolonged orthodontic treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-348
Number of pages7
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007



  • Corrosion
  • Fluoride prophylactic agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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