Mechanism of promoter activity of the β-amyloid precursor protein gene in different cell lines: Identification of a specific 30 bp fragment in the proximal promoter region

Yuan Wen Ge, Chandramallika Ghosh, Weihong Song, Bryan Maloney, Debomoy K. Lahiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The amyloid β-protein (Aβ) deposited in brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients is proteolylically derived from a large Aβ precursor protein (APP). APP gene expression patterns in the AD brain region indicate that abnormalities of gene regulation may be important in AD pathology. To understand the contribution of different cell types to APP gene expression, we studied it at four levels; promoter activity (by reporter gene assay of transfected cells), DNA-nuclear protein interaction (by electrophoretic mobility shift assay), RNA message and protein (by northern and western blotting, respectively), APP mRNA and protein expression levels were greater in neuroblastoma and PC12 cells than in glial or cervix epithelial cells. Relative activity among 12 different promoter regions and within single regions varied according to cell type/cell line. An upstream regulatory region containing a GATA-1 site is necessary for activity in PC12 and glial cells but not in neuroblastoma cells. DNA-protein interactions were examined in three distal and one proximal promoter elements in nuclear extracts belonging to neuronal and non-neuronal cells. The proximal promoter region is important for cell line-specific APP gene expression. Characterization of the APP regulatory region's interaction with cell type-specific nuclear factor(s) is important to understand tissue-specific expression of APP seen in AD subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1432-1444
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

Keywords

  • Beta-protein
  • DNA-protein interaction
  • Neuron
  • Promoter
  • Tissue specificity
  • Transcription
  • UTR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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