Mechanism of PrP-amyloid formation in mice without transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

Martin Jeffrey, Gillian McGovern, Emily V. Chambers, Declan King, Lorenzo González, Jean C. Manson, Bernardino Ghetti, Pedro Piccardo, Rona M. Barron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) P102L disease is a familial form of a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) that can present with or without vacuolation of neuropil. Inefficient disease transmission into 101LL transgenic mice was previously observed from GSS P102L without vacuolation. However, several aged, healthy mice had large plaques composed of abnormal prion protein (PrP d). Here we perform the ultrastructural characterization of such plaques and compare them with PrP d aggregates found in TSE caused by an infectious mechanism. PrP d plaques in 101LL mice varied in maturity, with some being composed of deposits without visible amyloid fibrils. PrP d was present on cell membranes in the vicinity of all types of plaques. In contrast to the unicentric plaques seen in infectious murine scrapie, the plaques seen in the current model were multicentric and were initiated by protofibrillar forms of PrP d situated on oligodendroglia, astrocytes and neuritic cell membranes. We speculate that the initial conversion process leading to plaque formation begins with membrane-bound PrP C but that subsequent fibrillization does not require membrane attachment. We also observed that the membrane alterations consistently seen in murine scrapie and other infectious TSEs were not present in 101LL mice with plaques, suggesting differences in the pathogenesis of these conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Pathology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Prion Diseases
Amyloid
Scrapie
Membranes
Cell Membrane
Neuropil
Oligodendroglia
Astrocytes
Transgenic Mice

Keywords

  • amyloid plaques
  • Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker
  • neurodegeneration
  • prion protein
  • scrapie

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Jeffrey, M., McGovern, G., Chambers, E. V., King, D., González, L., Manson, J. C., ... Barron, R. M. (2012). Mechanism of PrP-amyloid formation in mice without transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. Brain Pathology, 22(1), 58-66. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3639.2011.00508.x

Mechanism of PrP-amyloid formation in mice without transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. / Jeffrey, Martin; McGovern, Gillian; Chambers, Emily V.; King, Declan; González, Lorenzo; Manson, Jean C.; Ghetti, Bernardino; Piccardo, Pedro; Barron, Rona M.

In: Brain Pathology, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 58-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jeffrey, M, McGovern, G, Chambers, EV, King, D, González, L, Manson, JC, Ghetti, B, Piccardo, P & Barron, RM 2012, 'Mechanism of PrP-amyloid formation in mice without transmissible spongiform encephalopathy', Brain Pathology, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 58-66. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3639.2011.00508.x
Jeffrey, Martin ; McGovern, Gillian ; Chambers, Emily V. ; King, Declan ; González, Lorenzo ; Manson, Jean C. ; Ghetti, Bernardino ; Piccardo, Pedro ; Barron, Rona M. / Mechanism of PrP-amyloid formation in mice without transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. In: Brain Pathology. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 58-66.
@article{4f985758370b4aea8bc08ad28819ba0a,
title = "Mechanism of PrP-amyloid formation in mice without transmissible spongiform encephalopathy",
abstract = "Gerstmann-Str{\"a}ussler-Scheinker (GSS) P102L disease is a familial form of a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) that can present with or without vacuolation of neuropil. Inefficient disease transmission into 101LL transgenic mice was previously observed from GSS P102L without vacuolation. However, several aged, healthy mice had large plaques composed of abnormal prion protein (PrP d). Here we perform the ultrastructural characterization of such plaques and compare them with PrP d aggregates found in TSE caused by an infectious mechanism. PrP d plaques in 101LL mice varied in maturity, with some being composed of deposits without visible amyloid fibrils. PrP d was present on cell membranes in the vicinity of all types of plaques. In contrast to the unicentric plaques seen in infectious murine scrapie, the plaques seen in the current model were multicentric and were initiated by protofibrillar forms of PrP d situated on oligodendroglia, astrocytes and neuritic cell membranes. We speculate that the initial conversion process leading to plaque formation begins with membrane-bound PrP C but that subsequent fibrillization does not require membrane attachment. We also observed that the membrane alterations consistently seen in murine scrapie and other infectious TSEs were not present in 101LL mice with plaques, suggesting differences in the pathogenesis of these conditions.",
keywords = "amyloid plaques, Gerstmann-Str{\"a}ussler-Scheinker, neurodegeneration, prion protein, scrapie",
author = "Martin Jeffrey and Gillian McGovern and Chambers, {Emily V.} and Declan King and Lorenzo Gonz{\'a}lez and Manson, {Jean C.} and Bernardino Ghetti and Pedro Piccardo and Barron, {Rona M.}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1750-3639.2011.00508.x",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "58--66",
journal = "Brain Pathology",
issn = "1015-6305",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanism of PrP-amyloid formation in mice without transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

AU - Jeffrey, Martin

AU - McGovern, Gillian

AU - Chambers, Emily V.

AU - King, Declan

AU - González, Lorenzo

AU - Manson, Jean C.

AU - Ghetti, Bernardino

AU - Piccardo, Pedro

AU - Barron, Rona M.

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) P102L disease is a familial form of a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) that can present with or without vacuolation of neuropil. Inefficient disease transmission into 101LL transgenic mice was previously observed from GSS P102L without vacuolation. However, several aged, healthy mice had large plaques composed of abnormal prion protein (PrP d). Here we perform the ultrastructural characterization of such plaques and compare them with PrP d aggregates found in TSE caused by an infectious mechanism. PrP d plaques in 101LL mice varied in maturity, with some being composed of deposits without visible amyloid fibrils. PrP d was present on cell membranes in the vicinity of all types of plaques. In contrast to the unicentric plaques seen in infectious murine scrapie, the plaques seen in the current model were multicentric and were initiated by protofibrillar forms of PrP d situated on oligodendroglia, astrocytes and neuritic cell membranes. We speculate that the initial conversion process leading to plaque formation begins with membrane-bound PrP C but that subsequent fibrillization does not require membrane attachment. We also observed that the membrane alterations consistently seen in murine scrapie and other infectious TSEs were not present in 101LL mice with plaques, suggesting differences in the pathogenesis of these conditions.

AB - Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) P102L disease is a familial form of a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) that can present with or without vacuolation of neuropil. Inefficient disease transmission into 101LL transgenic mice was previously observed from GSS P102L without vacuolation. However, several aged, healthy mice had large plaques composed of abnormal prion protein (PrP d). Here we perform the ultrastructural characterization of such plaques and compare them with PrP d aggregates found in TSE caused by an infectious mechanism. PrP d plaques in 101LL mice varied in maturity, with some being composed of deposits without visible amyloid fibrils. PrP d was present on cell membranes in the vicinity of all types of plaques. In contrast to the unicentric plaques seen in infectious murine scrapie, the plaques seen in the current model were multicentric and were initiated by protofibrillar forms of PrP d situated on oligodendroglia, astrocytes and neuritic cell membranes. We speculate that the initial conversion process leading to plaque formation begins with membrane-bound PrP C but that subsequent fibrillization does not require membrane attachment. We also observed that the membrane alterations consistently seen in murine scrapie and other infectious TSEs were not present in 101LL mice with plaques, suggesting differences in the pathogenesis of these conditions.

KW - amyloid plaques

KW - Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker

KW - neurodegeneration

KW - prion protein

KW - scrapie

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=83555173370&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=83555173370&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1750-3639.2011.00508.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1750-3639.2011.00508.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 21645162

AN - SCOPUS:83555173370

VL - 22

SP - 58

EP - 66

JO - Brain Pathology

JF - Brain Pathology

SN - 1015-6305

IS - 1

ER -