Mechanisms of Osteoblastic Metastases

Role of Endothelin-1

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Certain solid tumors metastasize to bone, causing an osteoblastic response. The mechanisms by which tumor cells stimulate this new bone formation are not understood completely. We identified three breast cancer lines that cause osteoblastic metastases in female nude mice and provide evidence that tumor-produced endothelin-1 (ET-1) mediates the osteoblastic response. Tumor-conditioned media and exogenous ET-1 stimulated osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation in cultures of calvarias from mice. These effects were blocked by endothelin A (ETA) but not by ETB receptor antagonists. Mice inoculated with the ZR-75-1 breast cancer line and treated with a selective ETA receptor antagonist (ABT-627) had significantly fewer osteoblastic bone metastases and less tumor burden compared with untreated mice. In contrast, there was no effect of ABT-627 on osteolytic bone metastases caused by ET-1-negative breast cancer, MDA-MB-231. ABT-627 had no effect on cell growth in vitro or at the orthotopic site (mammary fat pad) of ZR-75-1, or MDA-MB-231 cells. Collectively, the data suggest that tumor-produced ET-1 mediates osteoblastic bone metastases by stimulating osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation. Endothelin A receptor blockade may be useful for the prevention and treatment of osteoblastic bone metastases attributable to breast or prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Issue number415 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Endothelin-1
Neoplasm Metastasis
Bone and Bones
Osteogenesis
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Osteoblasts
Endothelin A Receptors
Endothelins
Conditioned Culture Medium
Tumor Burden
Skull
Nude Mice
Adipose Tissue
Prostatic Neoplasms
Breast
Growth
atrasentan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Mechanisms of Osteoblastic Metastases: Role of Endothelin-1",
abstract = "Certain solid tumors metastasize to bone, causing an osteoblastic response. The mechanisms by which tumor cells stimulate this new bone formation are not understood completely. We identified three breast cancer lines that cause osteoblastic metastases in female nude mice and provide evidence that tumor-produced endothelin-1 (ET-1) mediates the osteoblastic response. Tumor-conditioned media and exogenous ET-1 stimulated osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation in cultures of calvarias from mice. These effects were blocked by endothelin A (ETA) but not by ETB receptor antagonists. Mice inoculated with the ZR-75-1 breast cancer line and treated with a selective ETA receptor antagonist (ABT-627) had significantly fewer osteoblastic bone metastases and less tumor burden compared with untreated mice. In contrast, there was no effect of ABT-627 on osteolytic bone metastases caused by ET-1-negative breast cancer, MDA-MB-231. ABT-627 had no effect on cell growth in vitro or at the orthotopic site (mammary fat pad) of ZR-75-1, or MDA-MB-231 cells. Collectively, the data suggest that tumor-produced ET-1 mediates osteoblastic bone metastases by stimulating osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation. Endothelin A receptor blockade may be useful for the prevention and treatment of osteoblastic bone metastases attributable to breast or prostate cancer.",
author = "Khalid Mohammad and Theresa Guise",
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AB - Certain solid tumors metastasize to bone, causing an osteoblastic response. The mechanisms by which tumor cells stimulate this new bone formation are not understood completely. We identified three breast cancer lines that cause osteoblastic metastases in female nude mice and provide evidence that tumor-produced endothelin-1 (ET-1) mediates the osteoblastic response. Tumor-conditioned media and exogenous ET-1 stimulated osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation in cultures of calvarias from mice. These effects were blocked by endothelin A (ETA) but not by ETB receptor antagonists. Mice inoculated with the ZR-75-1 breast cancer line and treated with a selective ETA receptor antagonist (ABT-627) had significantly fewer osteoblastic bone metastases and less tumor burden compared with untreated mice. In contrast, there was no effect of ABT-627 on osteolytic bone metastases caused by ET-1-negative breast cancer, MDA-MB-231. ABT-627 had no effect on cell growth in vitro or at the orthotopic site (mammary fat pad) of ZR-75-1, or MDA-MB-231 cells. Collectively, the data suggest that tumor-produced ET-1 mediates osteoblastic bone metastases by stimulating osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation. Endothelin A receptor blockade may be useful for the prevention and treatment of osteoblastic bone metastases attributable to breast or prostate cancer.

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