Asthma is the most common chronic disease in adolescents. Despite advances in the understanding of this disease and the availability of more specific treatment, the prevalence of asthma and its morbidity and mortality are increasing. This trend is especially prominent and worrisome in the age group that includes adolescents and young adults. Possible factors contributing to this significant problem in adolescents include a lack of knowledge about the disease, delays in seeking medical attention due to denial of symptoms or overuse of acute relief medication that mask the progression of the inflammation, and various psychological problems such as low self-esteem or depression. These factors, in addition to the typical developmental behaviors recognized in adolescence, contribute to the complexity of asthma management in this age group. This article comprehensively reviews the pathophysiology and precipitating factors of asthma as well as all aspects of medical care of affected individuals, including monitoring and self-care.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Adolescent medicine (Philadelphia, Pa.)|
|State||Published - Oct 2000|
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