Medical surveillance of search dogs deployed to the world trade center and pentagon: 2001-2006

Cynthia M. Otto, Amanda B. Downend, George E. Moore, Joanne Daggy, D. Lauren Ranivand, Jennifer A. Reetz, Scott D. Fitzgerald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, at the World Trade Center and Pentagon, almost 50,000 rescue workers and approximately 300 search and rescue dogs participated in rescue and recovery operations. The dogs were exposed to the same hazards as the human workers, but did not have any of the personal protective gear. This prospective double cohort observational study compared annual medical history, blood biochemical and hematologic results, and thoracic radiographic findings in 95 search and rescue dogs that responded to the terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center or the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, to a control group of 55 search and rescue dogs that were not involved in the 9/11 response. Compared to controls, the deployed search dogs demonstrated mild changes in blood work and a higher incidence of radiographic cardiac abnormalities. Species differences may explain the lack of pulmonary findings in the dogs. These dogs may provide early evidence of nonpulmonary complications of the 9/11 response. Continued surveillance of all responders is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Health
Volume73
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

World Trade Center
Dogs
search and rescue
September 11 Terrorist Attacks
blood
abnormality
dog
surveillance
Observational Studies
Cohort Studies
Thorax
hazard
Lung
Control Groups
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Otto, C. M., Downend, A. B., Moore, G. E., Daggy, J., Lauren Ranivand, D., Reetz, J. A., & Fitzgerald, S. D. (2010). Medical surveillance of search dogs deployed to the world trade center and pentagon: 2001-2006. Journal of Environmental Health, 73(2), 12-21.

Medical surveillance of search dogs deployed to the world trade center and pentagon : 2001-2006. / Otto, Cynthia M.; Downend, Amanda B.; Moore, George E.; Daggy, Joanne; Lauren Ranivand, D.; Reetz, Jennifer A.; Fitzgerald, Scott D.

In: Journal of Environmental Health, Vol. 73, No. 2, 09.2010, p. 12-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Otto, CM, Downend, AB, Moore, GE, Daggy, J, Lauren Ranivand, D, Reetz, JA & Fitzgerald, SD 2010, 'Medical surveillance of search dogs deployed to the world trade center and pentagon: 2001-2006', Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 12-21.
Otto CM, Downend AB, Moore GE, Daggy J, Lauren Ranivand D, Reetz JA et al. Medical surveillance of search dogs deployed to the world trade center and pentagon: 2001-2006. Journal of Environmental Health. 2010 Sep;73(2):12-21.
Otto, Cynthia M. ; Downend, Amanda B. ; Moore, George E. ; Daggy, Joanne ; Lauren Ranivand, D. ; Reetz, Jennifer A. ; Fitzgerald, Scott D. / Medical surveillance of search dogs deployed to the world trade center and pentagon : 2001-2006. In: Journal of Environmental Health. 2010 ; Vol. 73, No. 2. pp. 12-21.
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