Melanoma LAMP-2C modulates tumor growth and autophagy

Liliana Pérez, Anthony L. Sinn, George Sandusky, Karen Pollok, Janice Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autophagy plays critical but diverse roles in cellular quality control and homeostasis potentially checking tumor development by removing mutated or damaged macromolecules, while conversely fostering tumor survival by supplying essential nutrients during cancer progression. This report documents a novel inhibitory role for a lysosome-associated membrane protein, LAMP-2C in modulating autophagy and melanoma cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Solid tumors such as melanomas encounter a variety of stresses in vivo including inflammatory cytokines produced by infiltrating lymphocytes directed at limiting tumor growth and spread. Here, we report that in response to the anti-tumor, pro-inflammatory cytokine interferon-gamma, melanoma cell expression of LAMP2C mRNA significantly increased. These results prompted an investigation of whether increased melanoma cell expression of LAMP-2C might represent a mechanism to control or limit human melanoma growth and survival. In this study, enhanced expression of human LAMP-2C in melanoma cells perturbed macroautophagy and chaperone-mediated autophagy in several human melanoma lines. In vitro analysis showed increasing LAMP-2C expression in a melanoma cell line, triggered reduced cellular LAMP-2A and LAMP-2B protein expression. Melanoma cells with enhanced LAMP-2C expression displayed increased cell cycle arrest, increased expression of the cell cycle regulators Chk1 and p21, and greater apoptosis and necrosis in several cell lines tested. The increased abundance of Chk1 protein in melanoma cells with increased LAMP-2C expression was not due to higher CHEK1 mRNA levels, but rather an increase in Chk1 protein abundance including Chk1 molecules phosphorylated at Ser345. Human melanoma cell xenografts with increased LAMP-2C expression, displayed reduced growth in immune compromised murine hosts. Melanomas with high LAMP-2C expression showed increased necrosis and reduced cell density upon histological analysis. These results reveal a novel role for LAMP-2C in negatively regulating melanoma growth and survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101
JournalFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Volume6
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 29 2018

Fingerprint

Autophagy
Melanoma
Growth
Neoplasms
Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins
Survival
Necrosis
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
Cytokines
Cell Line
Messenger RNA
Foster Home Care
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Heterografts
Quality Control
Interferon-gamma
Proteins
Homeostasis
Cell Count

Keywords

  • Chaperone-mediated autophagy
  • LAMP-2
  • LAMP-2C
  • Macroautophagy
  • Melanoma
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Melanoma LAMP-2C modulates tumor growth and autophagy. / Pérez, Liliana; Sinn, Anthony L.; Sandusky, George; Pollok, Karen; Blum, Janice.

In: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, Vol. 6, No. AUG, 101, 29.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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