Alternative splicing of exon 6 results in the production of two isoforms of Steel factor (SLF): the membrane-bound and soluble forms. To investigate differences in the kinetics of c-kit tyrosine kinase activated by these two isoforms, we used a stromal cell line (Sl/Sl4) established from Sl/Sl homozygous murine embryo fetal liver and its stable transfectants containing either hSCF248 cDNA (including exon 6; secreted form) or hSCF220 cDNA (lacking exon 6; membrane-bound form) as the source of each isoform. interaction of factor dependent myeloid cell line MO7e with stromal cells producing either isoform resulted in activated c-kit tyrosine kinase and induction of the same series of tyrosine phosphorylated cellular proteins in MO7e cells. However, Sl4-h220 (membrane-bound form) induced more persistent activation of c-kit kinase than Sl4-h248 (soluble form) did. Flow cytometric analysis and pulse-chase studies using [35S]methionine showed that Sl4- h248 induced rapid downmodulation of cell-surface c-kit expression and its protein degradation in MO7e cells, whereas Sl4-h220 induced more prolonged life span of c-kit protein. Addition of soluble recombinant human SLF to Sl4-h220 cultures enhanced reduction of cell-surface c-kit expression and its protein degradation. Because the kinetics of c-kit inactivation strikingly fits with the protein degradation rates of c-kit under the conditions described above, rapid proteolysis of c-kit protein induced by soluble SLF stimulation may function as a 'turn-off switch' for activated c- kit kinase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Feb 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology