Membrane localization of hspa1a, a stress inducible 70-kda heat-shock protein, depends on its interaction with intracellular phosphatidylserine

Andrei D. Bilog, Larissa Smulders, Ryan Oliverio, Cedra Labanieh, Julianne Zapanta, Robert V. Stahelin, Nikolas Nikolaidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

HspA1A is a cytosolic molecular chaperone essential for cellular homeostasis. HspA1A also localizes at the plasma membrane (PM) of tumor and stressed cells. However, it is currently unknown how this cytosolic protein translocates to the PM. Taking into account that HspA1A interacts with lipids, including phosphatidylserine (PS), and that lipids recruit proteins to the PM, we hypothesized that the interaction of HspA1A with PS allows the chaperone to localize at the PM. To test this hypothesis, we subjected cells to mild heat-shock and the PM-localized HspA1A was quantified using confocal microscopy and cell surface biotinylation. These experiments revealed that HspA1A’s membrane localization increased during recovery from non-apoptotic heat-shock. Next, we selectively reduced PS targets by overexpressing the C2 domain of lactadherin (Lact-C2), a known PS-biosensor, and determined that HspA1A’s membrane localization was greatly reduced. In contrast, the reduction of PI(4,5)P2 availability by overexpression of the PLCδ-PH biosensor had minimal effects on HspA1A’s PM-localization. Implementation of a fluorescent PS analog, TopFluor-PS, established that PS co-localizes with HspA1A. Collectively, these results reveal that HspA1A’s PM localization and anchorage depend on its selective interaction with intracellular PS. This discovery institutes PS as a new and dynamic partner in the cellular stress response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number152
JournalBiomolecules
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Heat-shock proteins
  • Lipid–protein interactions
  • Phosphatidylserine
  • Plasma membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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