Membrane type I-matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of type I collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells

Sadie Aznavoorian, Bryan A. Moore, L. Donita Alexander-Lister, Stephanie L. Hallit, L. Jack Windsor, Jeffrey A. Engler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Oral squamous cell carcinomas are highly invasive lesions that destroy adjacent tissues and invade bone and muscle, which is most likely the result of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. We examined three cell lines derived from squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue for their intrinsic capacities to degrade interstitial collagen with the goal of identifying the matrix-degrading enzymes. SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells degrade reconstituted fibrillar type I collagen in the absence of exogenous growth factors or cytokines when seeded as a colony on dried films. Degradation is confined to the subjacent matrix, is enhanced 2-3-fold by phorbol ester, and is strictly MMP-dependent, as it is blocked by BB-94 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 but not by inhibitors of serine and cysteine proteinases. Both cell lines express active (Mr 57, 000) membrane type I-MMP (MT1-MMP) on their surfaces, as detected by surface biotinylation and immunoprecipitation. Concomitantly, both cell lines activate endogenous MMP-2 when cultured on type I collagen films, as assessed by zymography. Phorbol ester treatment enhances collagen-induced MMP-2 activation, which is accompanied by the appearance of a surface-labeled Mr 43, 000 form of MT1-MMP. Treatment of cells with a synthetic furin inhibitor, which inhibits processing of the MT1-MMP zymogen, blocks collagen degradation. In contrast, CAL 27 cells do not degrade collagen under either basal or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated conditions. Although proMT1-MMP (Mr 63, 000/65, 000) is detectable in these cells by immunoblot analysis, they express greatly reduced levels of active MT1-MMP on their surfaces relative to SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells. Correspondingly, CAL 27 cells cultured on collagen express neither latent nor active gelatinases. Immunoblots of lysates and conditioned media revealed the constitutive expression of proMMP-1 and proMMP-13 in all three cell lines. We conclude that in the absence of exogenous growth factors or accessory stromal cells, degradation of interstitial collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells requires a threshold level of active MT1-MMP on cell surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6264-6275
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Research
Volume61
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 15 2001

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Membrane-Associated Matrix Metalloproteinases
Collagen Type I
Matrix Metalloproteinase 14
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Collagen
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Cell Line
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
Phorbol Esters
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Fibrillar Collagens
Furin
Biotinylation
Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors
Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2
Gelatinases
Matrix Metalloproteinase 1
Enzyme Precursors
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Stromal Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Aznavoorian, S., Moore, B. A., Alexander-Lister, L. D., Hallit, S. L., Windsor, L. J., & Engler, J. A. (2001). Membrane type I-matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of type I collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. Cancer Research, 61(16), 6264-6275.

Membrane type I-matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of type I collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. / Aznavoorian, Sadie; Moore, Bryan A.; Alexander-Lister, L. Donita; Hallit, Stephanie L.; Windsor, L. Jack; Engler, Jeffrey A.

In: Cancer Research, Vol. 61, No. 16, 15.08.2001, p. 6264-6275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aznavoorian, S, Moore, BA, Alexander-Lister, LD, Hallit, SL, Windsor, LJ & Engler, JA 2001, 'Membrane type I-matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of type I collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells', Cancer Research, vol. 61, no. 16, pp. 6264-6275.
Aznavoorian S, Moore BA, Alexander-Lister LD, Hallit SL, Windsor LJ, Engler JA. Membrane type I-matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of type I collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. Cancer Research. 2001 Aug 15;61(16):6264-6275.
Aznavoorian, Sadie ; Moore, Bryan A. ; Alexander-Lister, L. Donita ; Hallit, Stephanie L. ; Windsor, L. Jack ; Engler, Jeffrey A. / Membrane type I-matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of type I collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. In: Cancer Research. 2001 ; Vol. 61, No. 16. pp. 6264-6275.
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abstract = "Oral squamous cell carcinomas are highly invasive lesions that destroy adjacent tissues and invade bone and muscle, which is most likely the result of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. We examined three cell lines derived from squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue for their intrinsic capacities to degrade interstitial collagen with the goal of identifying the matrix-degrading enzymes. SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells degrade reconstituted fibrillar type I collagen in the absence of exogenous growth factors or cytokines when seeded as a colony on dried films. Degradation is confined to the subjacent matrix, is enhanced 2-3-fold by phorbol ester, and is strictly MMP-dependent, as it is blocked by BB-94 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 but not by inhibitors of serine and cysteine proteinases. Both cell lines express active (Mr 57, 000) membrane type I-MMP (MT1-MMP) on their surfaces, as detected by surface biotinylation and immunoprecipitation. Concomitantly, both cell lines activate endogenous MMP-2 when cultured on type I collagen films, as assessed by zymography. Phorbol ester treatment enhances collagen-induced MMP-2 activation, which is accompanied by the appearance of a surface-labeled Mr 43, 000 form of MT1-MMP. Treatment of cells with a synthetic furin inhibitor, which inhibits processing of the MT1-MMP zymogen, blocks collagen degradation. In contrast, CAL 27 cells do not degrade collagen under either basal or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated conditions. Although proMT1-MMP (Mr 63, 000/65, 000) is detectable in these cells by immunoblot analysis, they express greatly reduced levels of active MT1-MMP on their surfaces relative to SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells. Correspondingly, CAL 27 cells cultured on collagen express neither latent nor active gelatinases. Immunoblots of lysates and conditioned media revealed the constitutive expression of proMMP-1 and proMMP-13 in all three cell lines. We conclude that in the absence of exogenous growth factors or accessory stromal cells, degradation of interstitial collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells requires a threshold level of active MT1-MMP on cell surfaces.",
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N2 - Oral squamous cell carcinomas are highly invasive lesions that destroy adjacent tissues and invade bone and muscle, which is most likely the result of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. We examined three cell lines derived from squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue for their intrinsic capacities to degrade interstitial collagen with the goal of identifying the matrix-degrading enzymes. SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells degrade reconstituted fibrillar type I collagen in the absence of exogenous growth factors or cytokines when seeded as a colony on dried films. Degradation is confined to the subjacent matrix, is enhanced 2-3-fold by phorbol ester, and is strictly MMP-dependent, as it is blocked by BB-94 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 but not by inhibitors of serine and cysteine proteinases. Both cell lines express active (Mr 57, 000) membrane type I-MMP (MT1-MMP) on their surfaces, as detected by surface biotinylation and immunoprecipitation. Concomitantly, both cell lines activate endogenous MMP-2 when cultured on type I collagen films, as assessed by zymography. Phorbol ester treatment enhances collagen-induced MMP-2 activation, which is accompanied by the appearance of a surface-labeled Mr 43, 000 form of MT1-MMP. Treatment of cells with a synthetic furin inhibitor, which inhibits processing of the MT1-MMP zymogen, blocks collagen degradation. In contrast, CAL 27 cells do not degrade collagen under either basal or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated conditions. Although proMT1-MMP (Mr 63, 000/65, 000) is detectable in these cells by immunoblot analysis, they express greatly reduced levels of active MT1-MMP on their surfaces relative to SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells. Correspondingly, CAL 27 cells cultured on collagen express neither latent nor active gelatinases. Immunoblots of lysates and conditioned media revealed the constitutive expression of proMMP-1 and proMMP-13 in all three cell lines. We conclude that in the absence of exogenous growth factors or accessory stromal cells, degradation of interstitial collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells requires a threshold level of active MT1-MMP on cell surfaces.

AB - Oral squamous cell carcinomas are highly invasive lesions that destroy adjacent tissues and invade bone and muscle, which is most likely the result of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. We examined three cell lines derived from squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue for their intrinsic capacities to degrade interstitial collagen with the goal of identifying the matrix-degrading enzymes. SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells degrade reconstituted fibrillar type I collagen in the absence of exogenous growth factors or cytokines when seeded as a colony on dried films. Degradation is confined to the subjacent matrix, is enhanced 2-3-fold by phorbol ester, and is strictly MMP-dependent, as it is blocked by BB-94 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 but not by inhibitors of serine and cysteine proteinases. Both cell lines express active (Mr 57, 000) membrane type I-MMP (MT1-MMP) on their surfaces, as detected by surface biotinylation and immunoprecipitation. Concomitantly, both cell lines activate endogenous MMP-2 when cultured on type I collagen films, as assessed by zymography. Phorbol ester treatment enhances collagen-induced MMP-2 activation, which is accompanied by the appearance of a surface-labeled Mr 43, 000 form of MT1-MMP. Treatment of cells with a synthetic furin inhibitor, which inhibits processing of the MT1-MMP zymogen, blocks collagen degradation. In contrast, CAL 27 cells do not degrade collagen under either basal or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated conditions. Although proMT1-MMP (Mr 63, 000/65, 000) is detectable in these cells by immunoblot analysis, they express greatly reduced levels of active MT1-MMP on their surfaces relative to SCC-25 and SCC-15 cells. Correspondingly, CAL 27 cells cultured on collagen express neither latent nor active gelatinases. Immunoblots of lysates and conditioned media revealed the constitutive expression of proMMP-1 and proMMP-13 in all three cell lines. We conclude that in the absence of exogenous growth factors or accessory stromal cells, degradation of interstitial collagen by oral squamous cell carcinoma cells requires a threshold level of active MT1-MMP on cell surfaces.

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