MOLT-4 lymphocytes metabolize 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) via β-oxidation with retention of the hydroxyl group at the ω6-carbon atom. 15-HETE oxidation is accompanied by the time-dependent accumulation of both β-hydroxy acids and metabolites produced by repetitive cycles of the β-oxidation spiral. Detection of 7-hydroxy-5-dodecenoic acid shows that these cells continue to β-oxidize the substrate when the conjugated diene is allylic to a hydroxyl group. When 15-HETE was the substrate, it was also possible to detect 12-hydroxy-5,8,10-heptadecatrien-1-al and 3,15-dihydroxy-8,11,13-eicosatrienoic acid. The former product may be produced by α-oxidation of 13-hydroxy-6,9,11-octadecatrienoic acid followed by its decarboxylation. Detection of a 20-carbon metabolite, lacking a double bond at position 5, suggests that an intermediate of β-oxidation was used as a substrate for chain elongation. When 13-hydroxy-6,9,11-octadecatrienoic acid was used as a substrate, it was indeed possible to detect 3,15-dihydroxy-8,11,13-eicosatrienoic acid as well as 15-hydroxy-8,11,13-eicosatrienoic acid. In addition, 13-hydroxy-6,9,11-octadecatrienoic acid was a precursor for the biosynthesis of both 14-hydroxy-7,10,12-nonadecatrien-1-al and 1,14-dihydroxy-7,10,12-nonadecatriene. These studies with MOLT-4 cells as well as with T-lymphocytes isolated from blood show that products of the 15-lipoxygenase pathway are metabolized with the accumulation of a variety of compounds. Since 15-HETE has been implicated as a modulator of T-cell function, these findings raise the possibility that the newly described metabolites may be involved in regulating lymphocyte function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 30 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology