Methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP) enzymes require a divalent metal ion such as Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), or Zn(II) for its removal of the N-terminal methionine from newly synthesized proteins, but it is not certain which of these ions is most important in vivo. Metalloform-selective MetAP inhibitors could be valuable for defining which metals are physiologically relevant for MetAP activation and could serve as leads for development of new therapeutic agents. We have screened a library of 43736 small drug-like molecules against Escherichia coli MetAP and identified two groups of potent and highly metalloform-selective inhibitors of the Co(II)-form, and of the Mn(II)-form, of this enzyme. Compound 1 is 790-fold more selective for the Co(II)-form, while compound 4 is over 640-fold more potent toward the Mn(II)-form. The X-ray structure of a di-Mn(II) form of E. coli MetAP complexed with the Mn(II)-form-selective compound 4 was obtained, and it shows that the inhibitor interacts with both Mn(II) ions through the two oxygen atoms of its free carboxylate group. The preferential coordination of the hard (oxygen) donors to Mn(II) may contribute to its superb selectivity toward the Mn(II)-form.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry