Methodology and models in erosion research: Discussion and conclusions

R. P. Shellis, C. Ganss, Y. Ren, D. T. Zero, A. Lussi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper summarises the discussions which took place at the Workshop on Methodology in Erosion Research in Zürich, 2010, and aims, where possible, to offer guidance for the development and application of both in vitro and in situ models for erosion research. The prospects for clinical trials are also discussed. All models in erosion research require a number of choices regarding experimental conditions, study design and measurement techniques, and these general aspects are discussed first. Among in vitro models, simple (single- or multiple-exposure) models can be used for screening products regarding their erosive potential, while more elaborate pH cycling models can be used to simulate erosion in vivo. However, in vitro models provide limited information on intra-oral erosion. In situ models allow the effect of an erosive challenge to be evaluated under intra-oral conditions and are currently the method of choice for short-term testing of low-erosive products or preventive therapeutic products. In the future, clinical trials will allow longer-term testing. Possible methodologies for such trials are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-77
Number of pages9
JournalCaries research
Volume45
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Dental erosion
  • Enamel softening
  • Erosion models
  • Erosive wear
  • Hardness measurements
  • Intra-oral erosion
  • pH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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