Microarray analysis gene expression profiles in laryngeal muscle after recurrent laryngeal nerve injury

Khadijeh Bijangi-Vishehsaraei, Kevin Blum, Hongji Zhang, Ahmad R. Safa, Stacey L. Halum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The pathophysiology of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) transection injury is rare in that it is characteristically followed by a high degree of spontaneous reinnervation, with reinnervation of the laryngeal adductor complex (AC) preceding that of the abducting posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) muscle. Here, we aim to elucidate the differentially expressed myogenic factors following RLN injury that may be at least partially responsible for the spontaneous reinnervation. Methods: F344 male rats underwent RLN injury (n = 12) or sham surgery (n = 12). One week after RLN injury, larynges were harvested following euthanasia. The mRNA was extracted from PCA and AC muscles bilaterally, and microarray analysis was performed using a full rat genome array. Results: Microarray analysis of denervated AC and PCA muscles demonstrated dramatic differences in gene expression profiles, with 205 individual probes that were differentially expressed between the denervated AC and PCA muscles and only 14 genes with similar expression patterns. Conclusions: The differential expression patterns of the AC and PCA suggest different mechanisms of reinnervation. The PCA showed the gene patterns of Wallerian degeneration, while the AC expressed the gene patterns of reinnervation by adjacent axonal sprouting. This finding may reveal important therapeutic targets applicable to RLN and other peripheral nerve injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-256
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume125
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Denervation
  • Laryngeal muscles
  • Larynx
  • Recurrent laryngeal nerve
  • Vocal fold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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