MicroRNA-221/222 confers breast cancer fulvestrant resistance by regulating multiple signaling pathways

X. Rao, G. Di Leva, M. Li, F. Fang, C. Devlin, C. Hartman-Frey, M. E. Burow, M. Ivan, C. M. Croce, K. P. Nephew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

252 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fulvestrant is a selective estrogen receptor downregulator (SERD) and highly effective antagonist to hormone-sensitive breast cancers following failure of previous tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitor therapies. However, after prolonged fulvestrant therapy, acquired resistance eventually occurs in the majority of breast cancer patients, due to poorly understood mechanisms. To examine a possible role(s) of aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in acquired fulvestrant resistance, we compared antiestrogen-resistant and -sensitive breast cancer cells, revealing the overexpression of miR-221/222 in the SERD-resistant cell lines. Fulvestrant treatment of estradiol (E2)- and fulvestrant-sensitive MCF7 cells resulted in increased expression of endogenous miR-221/222. Ectopic upregulation of miR-221/222 in estrogen receptor-α (ERα)-positive cell lines counteracted the effects of E2 depletion or fulvestrant-induced cell death, thus also conferring hormone-independent growth and fulvestrant resistance. In cells with acquired resistance to fulvestrant, miR-221/222 expression was essential for cell growth and cell cycle progression. To identify possible miR-221/222 targets, miR-221- or miR-222- induced alterations in global gene expression profiles and target gene expression at distinct time points were determined, revealing that miR-221/222 overexpression resulted in deregulation of multiple oncogenic signaling pathways previously associated with drug resistance. Activation of Β-catenin by miR-221/222 contributed to estrogen-independent growth and fulvestrant resistance, whereas TGF-Β-mediated growth inhibition was repressed by the two miRNAs. This first in-depth investigation into the role of miR-221/222 in acquired fulvestrant resistance, a clinically important problem, demonstrates that these two oncomirs may represent promising therapeutic targets for treating hormone-independent, SERD-resistant breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1082-1097
Number of pages16
JournalOncogene
Volume30
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2011

Keywords

  • antiestrogen
  • breast cancer
  • drug resistance
  • fulvestrant
  • microRNAs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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    Rao, X., Di Leva, G., Li, M., Fang, F., Devlin, C., Hartman-Frey, C., Burow, M. E., Ivan, M., Croce, C. M., & Nephew, K. P. (2011). MicroRNA-221/222 confers breast cancer fulvestrant resistance by regulating multiple signaling pathways. Oncogene, 30(9), 1082-1097. https://doi.org/10.1038/onc.2010.487