Microsphere localization and dose quantification using positron emission tomography/CT following hepatic intraarterial radioembolization with yttrium-90 in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

William B. Lea, Katie N. Tapp, Mark Tann, Gary D. Hutchins, James W. Fletcher, Matthew S. Johnson

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12 Scopus citations


Purpose To characterize the distribution of absorbed radiation dose after glass microsphere radioembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using yttrium-90 (90Y) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT).

Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, 64 90Y PET/CT scans performed after treatment were evaluated following 90Y glass-bead radioembolization in patients with advanced HCC. The intended dose to the target volume ranged from 83-129 Gy. Three-dimensional "dose maps" were created from reconstructed PET images using a voxel-based S-value transformation. Liver parenchyma and liver tumors were contoured on cross-sectional imaging and aligned with the created dose maps.

Results There were 113 tumors examined as part of 64 lobar treatments. The average tumor size was 4.8 cm ± 4.0 with an average tumor dose of 173 Gy ± 109. The average dose to the nontumor parenchyma within the target volume was 93.4 Gy ± 32.6, with on average 50% of the parenchymal voxels receiving > 79 Gy ± 23 and 10% receiving > 173 Gy ± 55. The average and median tumor-to-parenchymal weighted dose ratios were 2.2 and 1.9, respectively.

Conclusions Using recommended dosimetry and administration techniques for lobar glass microsphere radioembolization, high doses to target tumors as well as background parenchyma were achieved on average with modest preferential uptake within tumors. There was wide variation in measured tumor and parenchymal doses after hepatic radioembolization for HCC, suggesting the need for continued development of patient-specific dosimetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1595-1603
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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