Microsurgical Management of Ventral Intradural-Extramedullary Cervical Meningiomas: Technical Considerations and Outcomes

Umit Eroglu, Burak Bahadır, Samuel B. Tomlinson, Hasan Caglar Ugur, Emre Yagiz Sayaci, Ayhan Attar, Yusuf Sukru Caglar, Aaron A. Cohen Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Cervical meningiomas are uncommon intradural-extramedullary tumors that have a tendency to be situated anterior to the spinal cord. The optimal surgical corridor to reach purely ventral cervical meningiomas has not been established. This article presents a series of patients with ventral cervical meningiomas treated via 1 of 2 microneurosurgical approaches: the anterior approach with corpectomy and fusion or the posterolateral approach. Methods: Eight patients who underwent surgical resection of solitary, histopathologically confirmed, intradural-extramedullary cervical meningiomas of purely ventral location were retrospectively examined. Preoperative and postoperative Nurick scores quantified the degree of ambulatory function. Patients were followed for an average of 2.1 years after surgery. Postoperative imaging was performed to determine the extent of resection and to assess for tumor recurrence. Results: Two patients with lower cervical meningiomas underwent resection via an anterior approach with single-level corpectomy and fusion. Six patients were treated via a posterolateral approach including ipsilateral hemilaminectomy and partial facetectomy without fusion. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were observed. Gross total resection was achieved in 8 of 8 patients, although 1 patient exhibited tumor recurrence. Improvement in ambulatory function was observed in all patients. Conclusions: Purely ventral cervical meningiomas are uncommon and pose unique technical challenges for neurosurgeons. We document favorable outcomes from 2 cases of lower cervical meningioma treated via an anterior approach and 6 cases of upper cervical tumors treated via a posterolateral approach. This series demonstrates operative considerations for effectively managing ventral cervical meningiomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e748-e753
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume135
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anterior
  • Cervical
  • Meningioma
  • Outcomes
  • Spine
  • Surgical technique
  • Ventral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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