Minocycline blocks 6-hydroxydopamine-induced neurotoxicity and free radical production in rat cerebellar granule neurons

Suizhen Lin, Xing Wei, Yong Xu, Chong Yan, Richard Dodel, Yuqin Zhang, Junyi Liu, James E. Klaunig, Martin Farlow, Yansheng Du

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurotoxicity induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is believed to be due, in part, to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Anti-oxidants by inhibiting free radical generation, protect neurons against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity. In this study, we investigated whether or not minocycline, a neuroprotective compound, could directly protect neurons against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity and inhibit 6-OHDA-induced free radical production in cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGN). We now report that exposure of CGN to 6-OHDA (100 μM) resulted in a significant increase in free radical production with death of 86% of CGN. Pretreatment with minocycline (10 μM) for 2 h prevented 6-OHDA-induced free radical generation and neurotoxicity. Furthermore, minocycline also attenuated H2O2-induced neurotoxicity. Our results suggest that minocycline blocks 6-OHDA-induced neuronal death possibly by inhibiting 6-OHDA-induced free radical generation in CGN. Both the antioxidative and neuroprotective effects of minocycline may be beneficial in the therapy of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1635-1641
Number of pages7
JournalLife Sciences
Volume72
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2003

Keywords

  • 6-ODHA
  • Cerebellar granule neurons
  • Free radicals
  • Minocycline
  • Neurotoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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