MiR-378 as a biomarker for response to anti-angiogenic treatment in ovarian cancer

John K. Chan, Tuyen K. Kiet, Kevin Blansit, Rashmi Ramasubbaiah, Joan F. Hilton, Daniel S. Kapp, Daniela Matei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To determine the role of miR-378 as a biomarker for anti-angiogenic therapy response in ovarian cancer. Methods Expression of miR-378 was analyzed in ovarian cancer cell lines and human tumors vs. normal ovarian epithelial cells by qRT-PCR. After miR-378 transfection in SKOV3 cells, dysregulated genes were identified using microarray. Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) was utilized to correlate miR-378 expression with progression-free survival (PFS) among patients treated with anti-angiogenic therapy by using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards. Results MiR-378 was overexpressed in ovarian cancer cells and tumors vs. normal ovarian epithelial cells. Overexpressing miR-378 in ovarian cancer cells altered expression of genes associated with angiogenesis (ALCAM, EHD1, ELK3, TLN1), apoptosis (RPN2, HIPK3), and cell cycle regulation (SWAP-70, LSM14A, RDX). In the TCGA dataset, low vs. high miR-378 expression was associated with longer PFS in a subset of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer treated with bevacizumab (9.2 vs. 4.2 months; p = 0.04). On multivariate analysis, miR-378 expression was an independent predictor for PFS after anti-angiogenic treatment (HR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.12-3.72; p = 0.02). Furthermore, expression levels of two miR-378 targets (ALCAM and EHD1) were associated with PFS in this subgroup of patients who received anti-angiogenic therapy (9.4 vs. 4.2 months, p = 0.04 for high vs. low ALCAM; 7.9 vs. 2.3 months, p < 0.01 for low vs. high EHD1). Conclusions Our data suggest that miR-378 is overexpressed in ovarian cancer cells and tumors vs. normal ovarian epithelial cells. MiR-378 and its downstream targets may serve as markers for response to anti-angiogenic therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-574
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume133
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Anti-angiogenic therapy
  • MiR-378
  • MicroRNA
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Chan, J. K., Kiet, T. K., Blansit, K., Ramasubbaiah, R., Hilton, J. F., Kapp, D. S., & Matei, D. (2014). MiR-378 as a biomarker for response to anti-angiogenic treatment in ovarian cancer. Gynecologic oncology, 133(3), 568-574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2014.03.564