Mobile critical care recovery program (m-CCRP) for acute respiratory failure survivors: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Sikandar Khan, Ashok Biju, Sophia Wang, Sujuan Gao, Omar Irfan, Amanda Harrawood, Stephanie Martinez, Emily Brewer, Anthony Perkins, Frederick W. Unverzagt, Sue Lasiter, Ben Zarzaur, Omar Rahman, Malaz Boustani, Babar Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) with acute respiratory failure (ARF) face chronic complications that can impede return to normal daily function. A mobile, collaborative critical care model may enhance the recovery of ARF survivors. Methods: The Mobile Critical Care Recovery Program (m-CCRP) study is a two arm, randomized clinical trial. We will randomize 620 patients admitted to the ICU with acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation in a 1:1 ratio to one of two arms (310 patients per arm) - m-CCRP intervention versus attention control. Those in the intervention group will meet with a care coordinator after hospital discharge in predetermined intervals to aid in the recovery process. Baseline assessments and personalized goal setting will be used to develop an individualized care plan for each patient after discussion with an interdisciplinary team. The attention control arm will receive printed material and telephone reminders emphasizing mobility and management of chronic conditions. Duration of the intervention and follow-up is 12 months post-randomization. Our primary aim is to assess the efficacy of m-CCRP in improving the quality of life of ARF survivors at 12 months. Secondary aims of the study are to evaluate the efficacy of m-CCRP in improving function (cognitive, physical, and psychological) of ARF survivors and to determine the efficacy of m-CCRP in reducing acute healthcare utilization. Discussion: The proposed randomized controlled trial will evaluate the efficacy of a collaborative critical care recovery program in accomplishing the Institute of Healthcare Improvement's triple aims of better health, better care, at lower cost. We have developed a collaborative critical care model to promote ARF survivors' recovery from the physical, psychological, and cognitive impacts of critical illness. In contrast to a single disease focus and clinic-based access, m-CCRP represents a comprehensive, accessible, mobile, ahead of the curve intervention, focused on the multiple aspects of the unique recovery needs of ARF survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number94
JournalTrials
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 7 2018

Keywords

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Cognitive training
  • Critical care
  • Delirium
  • ICU survivorship
  • Physical activity
  • Post-intensive care syndrome
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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