Mode II fracture toughness of human bone

T. L. Norman, S. Nivargikar, David Burr

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanisms by which human bone resists fracture are not clearly understood. Only resistance to mode I (tension loading) crack growth has been characterized. In this investigation, mode II propagation fracture toughness of human tibia is measured, so that the fracture resistance of human bone to shear loading can be defined. The critical strain energy release rate, Gc, is found by applying experimental test data to results of finite element analysis. Average Gc for mode II testing of human bone specimens increased from 406 N/m (s.e. = 103 N/m) to 852 N/m (s.c. = 209 N/m) for specimen thickness between 1.81 and 3.14 mm. respectively. Mode II Gc was compared to values reported for mode I Gc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED
EditorsJohn M. Tarbell
PublisherPubl by ASME
Pages191-194
Number of pages4
Volume26
ISBN (Print)0791810313
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1993 ASME Winter Annual Meeting - New Orleans, LA, USA
Duration: Nov 28 1993Dec 3 1993

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1993 ASME Winter Annual Meeting
CityNew Orleans, LA, USA
Period11/28/9312/3/93

Fingerprint

Fracture toughness
Bone
Energy release rate
Strain energy
Crack propagation
Finite element method
Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Norman, T. L., Nivargikar, S., & Burr, D. (1993). Mode II fracture toughness of human bone. In J. M. Tarbell (Ed.), American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED (Vol. 26, pp. 191-194). Publ by ASME.

Mode II fracture toughness of human bone. / Norman, T. L.; Nivargikar, S.; Burr, David.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED. ed. / John M. Tarbell. Vol. 26 Publ by ASME, 1993. p. 191-194.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Norman, TL, Nivargikar, S & Burr, D 1993, Mode II fracture toughness of human bone. in JM Tarbell (ed.), American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED. vol. 26, Publ by ASME, pp. 191-194, Proceedings of the 1993 ASME Winter Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA, 11/28/93.
Norman TL, Nivargikar S, Burr D. Mode II fracture toughness of human bone. In Tarbell JM, editor, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED. Vol. 26. Publ by ASME. 1993. p. 191-194
Norman, T. L. ; Nivargikar, S. ; Burr, David. / Mode II fracture toughness of human bone. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED. editor / John M. Tarbell. Vol. 26 Publ by ASME, 1993. pp. 191-194
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